BMO Financial Group Reports Net Income of $5.35 Billion, up 16%, for Fiscal 2017

BMO Financial Group Reports Net Income of $5.35 Billion, up 16%, for Fiscal 2017

PR Newswire

TORONTO, December 5, 2017

TORONTO, December 5, 2017 /PRNewswire/ --

Financial Results Highlights:  

Fourth Quarter 2017 Compared with Fourth Quarter 2016: 

Fiscal 2017 Compared with Fiscal 2016: 

For the fourth quarter ended October 31, 2017, BMO Financial Group (TSX:BMO) (NYSE:BMO) recorded net income of $1,227 million or $1.81 per share on a reported basis, and net income of $1,309 million or $1.94 per share on an adjusted basis.

"BMO finished the year with strong performance, delivering record annual adjusted earnings of $5.5 billion, up 10% from last year, and earnings per share of $8.16. Earnings growth reflects the benefit of our diversified business mix, including continued momentum in the U.S. segment, which has achieved 13% compound growth over the last two years on a U.S dollar basis, contributing 25% or $1.4 billion to bank earnings," said Darryl White, Chief Executive Officer, BMO Financial Group.

"We are making good progress against our financial and strategic objectives. In 2017, we delivered positive adjusted net operating leverage of 1.9% building on the 2.1% achieved last year and leading to an improvement in the adjusted net efficiency ratio of 240 bps since 2015. We did so while investing more in digital capabilities, providing customers with innovative products and services. We improved the CET 1 Ratio to 11.4% and, at the same time, grew our business and returned earnings to our shareholders through higher dividends and share buybacks.

"We start 2018 from a position of strength, with diversified and competitively advantaged businesses, a team of highly engaged, customer-focused employees and a solid technology and data foundation. I am confident that we will build on these core capabilities to accelerate growth, improve efficiency and drive customer loyalty. We are well-positioned to capture the opportunities in an evolving market environment and deliver sustainable profitability going forward," concluded Mr. White.

(1) Results and measures in this document are presented on a GAAP basis. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes the impact of certain items. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and are detailed for all reported periods in the Non-GAAP Measures section, where such non-GAAP measures and their closest GAAP counterparts are disclosed.


   
    (1)  Results and measures in this document are presented on a GAAP
         basis. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes
         the impact of certain items. Adjusted results and measures are
         non-GAAP and are detailed for all reported periods in the Non-GAAP
         Measures section, where such non-GAAP measures and their closest
         GAAP counterparts are disclosed.

    (2)  All Earnings per Share (EPS) measures in this document refer to
         diluted EPS unless specified otherwise. EPS is calculated using
         net income after deductions for net income attributable to
         non-controlling interest in subsidiaries and preferred share
         dividends.

    Note: All ratios and percentage changes in this document are based on unrounded
    numbers.

Net income in the fourth quarter of 2017 included elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million resulting largely from the impact of hurricanes Irma, Maria and Harvey, which reduced net income growth by approximately 8%. The weaker U.S. dollar reduced net income growth by 1%. Reported results included a $41 million after-tax restructuring charge as we continue to accelerate the use of technology to enhance customer experience and focus on driving operational efficiencies.

Concurrent with the release of results, BMO announced a first quarter 2018 dividend of $0.93 per common share, up $0.03 per share and 3% from the preceding quarter and up $0.05 per share and 6% from a year ago. The quarterly dividend of $0.93 per common share is equivalent to an annual dividend of $3.72 per common share.

Return on tangible common equity (ROTCE) was 14.8% compared with 17.2 % in the prior year, and adjusted ROTCE was 15.5% compared with 17.5%.

BMO's 2017 audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying management discussion & analysis (MD&A), is available online at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations and at http://www.sedar.com.

Operating Segment Overview for the Fourth Quarter of 2017 

Canadian P&C
Reported net income of $624 million increased $36 million or 6% and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, of $625 million increased $37 million or 6% from a year ago due to higher balances across most products, higher net interest margin and higher non-interest revenue, partially offset by higher expenses and an increased provision for credit losses.

During the quarter, in partnership with Ryerson University's DMZ, we provided five startups with an opportunity to further develop and scale their technologies through the DMZ-BMO Fintech Accelerator Program. This program shows our commitment to build capabilities and enhance service offerings for our customers through innovation.

U.S. P&C
Reported net income of $280 million and adjusted net income of $291 million both decreased 3% from a year ago due to the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets.

Reported net income of US$222 million and adjusted net income of US$231 million both increased $5 million or 2% compared to a year ago mainly due to higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, partially offset by loan spread compression and higher expenses.

This quarter, we successfully completed the integration of BMO Transportation Finance. In addition, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation released its annual deposit market share report and we maintained our second place rankings in the Chicago and Milwaukee markets and our fourth place ranking within our core footprint, which includes Illinois, Kansas, Wisconsin, Missouri, Indiana, and Minnesota.

BMO Wealth Management
Reported net income of $172 million and adjusted net income of $186 million both decreased 38% from a year ago. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration costs. Elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter largely resulting from the impact of hurricanes and a gain on sale of an equity investment a year ago had a negative impact of 52% on reported net income growth and 48% on adjusted net income growth. Traditional wealth reported net income was $189 million compared to $201 million and adjusted net income was $203 million compared to $224 million a year ago, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were more than offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment last year. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million due to the elevated reinsurance claims this quarter, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes. This compared to insurance net income of $78 million last year.

BMO Wealth Management has been recognized by Wealth & Finance INTL in their 2017 Global Finance Awards, as having the Most Outstanding Wealth Planning Services, recognizing our best-in-class service.

BMO Capital Markets
Reported net income and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, of $326 million decreased $66 million or 17% from record performance a year ago, primarily due to lower revenue in our Investment and Corporate Banking business, higher expenses, and a higher provision for credit losses.

During the quarter, BMO Capital Markets partnered with Evolve Funds to help launch the first Canadian-listed Exchange Traded Fund (ETF), focused on gender diversity and workplace inclusion.

Corporate Services
Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $175 million compared with a net loss of $202 million a year ago. Corporate Services adjusted net loss for the quarter was $119 million compared with an adjusted net loss of $188 million a year ago. Adjusted results exclude a $41 million after-tax restructuring charge in the current quarter and acquisition integration costs in both periods. Adjusted results increased due to lower expenses, in part due to the impact of a gain on sale of an office building and higher revenue excluding taxable equivalent basis (teb), partially offset by lower credit recoveries. Reported results increased due to the net impact of drivers noted above, partially offset by the restructuring charge in the current quarter.

Adjusted results in this Operating Segment Overview section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Capital
BMO's Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) Ratio was 11.4% at October 31, 2017. The CET1 Ratio increased from 11.2% at the end of the third quarter largely due to retained earnings growth and favourable pension and post-retirement benefit impacts, partially offset by business growth and share repurchases during the quarter.

Provision for Credit Losses
The total provision for credit losses was $208 million, an increase of $34 million from the prior year due to higher provisions in BMO Capital Markets, Corporate Services and Canadian P&C.

Caution
The foregoing sections contain forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Regulatory Filings
Our continuous disclosure materials, including our interim filings, annual Management's Discussion and Analysis and audited consolidated financial statements, Annual Information Form and Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareholders and Proxy Circular are available on our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations, on the Canadian Securities Administrators' website at http://www.sedar.com and on the EDGAR section of the SEC's website at http://www.sec.gov.

Bank of Montreal uses a unified branding approach that links all of the organization's member companies. Bank of Montreal, together with its subsidiaries, is known as BMO Financial Group. As such, in this document, the names BMO and BMO Financial Group mean Bank of Montreal, together with its subsidiaries. 

Financial Review 

The Financial Review commentary is as of December 5, 2017. The material that precedes this section comprises part of this Financial Review. The Financial Review should be read in conjunction with the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements for the period ended October 31, 2017, included in this document, as well as the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2017, and the MD&A for fiscal 2017.

The 2017 Annual MD&A includes a comprehensive discussion of our businesses, strategies and objectives, and can be accessed on our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations. Readers are also encouraged to visit the site to view other quarterly financial information.

Bank of Montreal's management, under the supervision of the CEO and CFO, has evaluated the effectiveness, as of October 31, 2017, of Bank of Montreal's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Canadian Securities Administrators) and has concluded that such disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended October 31, 2017, which materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Because of inherent limitations, disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting can provide only reasonable assurance and may not prevent or detect misstatements.

As in prior quarters, Bank of Montreal's Audit and Conduct Review Committee reviewed this document and Bank of Montreal's Board of Directors approved the document prior to its release.


   

    Financial Highlights                                                           Table 1

    (Canadian $ in millions, except as
    noted)                               Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
    Summary Income Statement
    Net interest income                    2,535    2,533    2,498      10,007       9,872
    Non-interest revenue                   3,120    2,926    2,780      12,253      11,215
    Revenue                                5,655    5,459    5,278      22,260      21,087
    Insurance claims, commissions and
    changes in policy benefit
    liabilities (CCPB)                       573      253       79       1,538       1,543
    Revenue, net of CCPB                   5,082    5,206    5,199      20,722      19,544
    Specific provision for credit
    losses                                   208      210      174         850         815
    Collective provision for (recovery
    of) credit losses                          -      (76)        -        (76)          -
    Total provision for credit losses        208      134      174         774         815
    Non-interest expense                   3,369    3,278    3,323      13,302      12,997
    Provision for income taxes               278      407      357       1,296       1,101
    Net income                             1,227    1,387    1,345       5,350       4,631
       Attributable to bank shareholders   1,227    1,387    1,344       5,348       4,622
       Attributable to non-controlling
       interest in subsidiaries                -        -        1           2           9
    Net income                             1,227    1,387    1,345       5,350       4,631
    Adjusted net income                    1,309    1,374    1,395       5,508       5,020
    Common Share Data ($ except as
    noted)
    Earnings per share                      1.81     2.05     2.02        7.92        6.92
    Adjusted earnings per share             1.94     2.03     2.10        8.16        7.52
    Earnings per share growth (%)          (10.3)     9.8     10.4        14.5         5.3
    Adjusted earnings per share growth
    (%)                                     (7.6)     4.4     10.5         8.5         7.4
    Dividends declared per share            0.90     0.90     0.86        3.56        3.40
    Book value per share                   61.92    59.65    59.56       61.92       59.56
    Closing share price                    98.83    94.56    85.36       98.83       85.36
    Total market value of common shares
    ($ billions)                            64.0     61.3     55.1        64.0        55.1
    Dividend yield (%)                       3.6      3.8      4.0         3.6         4.0
    Financial Measures and Ratios (%)
    Return on equity                        12.1     13.4     13.8        13.3        12.1
    Adjusted return on equity               12.9     13.3     14.4        13.7        13.1
    Return on tangible common equity        14.8     16.5     17.2        16.3        15.3
    Adjusted return on tangible common
    equity                                  15.5     16.0     17.5        16.5        16.1
    Net income growth                       (8.8)    11.4     10.8        15.5         5.1
    Adjusted net income growth              (6.2)     6.1     10.3         9.7         7.2
    Revenue growth                           7.2     (3.1)     5.9         5.6         8.8
    Revenue growth, net of CCPB             (2.2)     5.3     10.2         6.0         7.8
    Non-interest expense growth              1.4      6.0      7.4         2.3         6.7
    Adjusted non-interest expense
    growth                                  (0.1)     6.5      7.3         3.7         6.1
    Efficiency ratio, net of CCPB           66.3     63.0     63.9        64.2        66.5
    Adjusted efficiency ratio               57.5     59.0     61.7        58.4        59.2
    Adjusted efficiency ratio, net of
    CCPB                                    64.0     61.9     62.6        62.8        63.9
    Operating leverage, net of CCPB         (3.6)    (0.7)     2.8         3.7         1.1
    Adjusted operating leverage, net of
    CCPB                                    (2.1)    (1.2)     2.9         1.9         2.1
    Net interest margin on average
    earning assets                          1.57     1.55     1.57        1.55        1.59
    Effective tax rate                      18.5     22.7     21.0        19.5        19.2
    Adjusted effective tax rate             19.3     22.5     21.2        19.8        19.9
    Return on average assets                0.68     0.76     0.75        0.74        0.65
    PCL-to-average net loans and
    acceptances (annualized)                0.22     0.14     0.19        0.21        0.23
    Specific PCL-to-average net loans
    and acceptances (annualized)            0.22     0.22     0.19        0.23        0.23
    Balance Sheet (as at $ millions,
    except as noted)
    Assets                               709,580  708,617  687,935     709,580     687,935
    Net loans and acceptances            378,218  375,971  371,751     378,218     371,751
    Deposits                             483,488  473,111  473,372     483,488     473,372
    Common shareholders' equity           40,114   38,694   38,464      40,114      38,464
    Cash and securities-to-total assets
    ratio (%)                               28.5     27.8     27.1        28.5        27.1
    Capital Ratios (%)
    CET1 Ratio                              11.4     11.2     10.1        11.4        10.1
    Tier 1 Capital Ratio                    13.0     12.9     11.6        13.0        11.6
    Total Capital Ratio                     15.1     15.2     13.6        15.1        13.6
    Leverage Ratio                           4.4      4.4      4.2         4.4         4.2
    Foreign Exchange Rates
    As at Canadian/U.S. dollar            1.2895   1.2453   1.3411      1.2895      1.3411
    Average Canadian/U.S. dollar          1.2621   1.2974   1.3216      1.3071      1.3251

    Adjusted results are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the
    Non-GAAP Measures section.

Non-GAAP Measures 

Results and measures in this document are presented on a GAAP basis. Unless otherwise indicated, all amounts are in Canadian dollars and have been derived from financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). References to GAAP mean IFRS. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes the impact of certain items as set out in Table 2 below. Results and measures that exclude the impact of Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rate movements on our U.S. segment are non-GAAP measures (please see the Foreign Exchange section for a discussion of the effects of changes in exchange rates on our results). Management assesses performance on a reported basis and on an adjusted basis and considers both to be useful in assessing underlying ongoing business performance. Presenting results on both bases provides readers with a better understanding of how management assesses results. It also permits readers to assess the impact of certain specified items on results for the periods presented and to better assess results excluding those items if they consider the items to not be reflective of ongoing results. As such, the presentation may facilitate readers' analysis of trends, as well as comparisons with our competitors. Except as otherwise noted, management's discussion of changes in reported results in this document applies equally to changes in corresponding adjusted results. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and as such do not have standardized meaning under GAAP. They are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies and should not be viewed in isolation from or as a substitute for GAAP results.



    Non-GAAP Measures                                                           Table 2

    (Canadian $ in
    millions, except as
    noted)                Q4-2017   Q3-2017   Q4-2016   Fiscal 2017         Fiscal 2016
    Reported Results
    Revenue                 5,655     5,459     5,278        22,260              21,087
    Insurance claims,
    commissions and
    changes in policy
    benefit liabilities
    (CCPB)                   (573)     (253)      (79)       (1,538)             (1,543)
    Revenue, net of
    CCPB                    5,082     5,206     5,199        20,722              19,544
    Provision for
    credit losses            (208)     (134)     (174)         (774)               (815)
    Non-interest
    expense                (3,369)   (3,278)   (3,323)      (13,302)            (12,997)
    Income before
    income taxes            1,505     1,794     1,702         6,646               5,732
    Provision for
    income taxes             (278)     (407)     (357)       (1,296)             (1,101)
    Net Income              1,227     1,387     1,345         5,350               4,631
    EPS ($)                  1.81      2.05      2.02          7.92                6.92
    Adjusting Items
    (Pre-tax) (1)
    Amortization of
    acquisition-related
    intangible assets
    (2)                       (34)      (35)      (37)         (149)               (160)
    Acquisition
    integration costs
    (3)                       (24)      (20)      (31)          (87)               (104)
    Cumulative
    accounting
    adjustment (4)              -         -         -             -                (85)
    Restructuring cost
    (5)                       (59)        -         -           (59)               (188)
    Decrease in the
    collective
    allowance for
    credit losses (6)           -        76         -            76                   -
    Adjusting items
    included in
    reported pre-tax
    income                   (117)       21       (68)         (219)               (537)
    Adjusting Items
    (After tax) (1)
    Amortization of
    acquisition-related
    intangible assets
    (2)                       (26)      (28)      (29)         (116)               (124)
    Acquisition
    integration costs
    (3)                       (15)      (13)      (21)          (55)                (71)
    Cumulative
    accounting
    adjustment (4)              -         -         -             -                 (62)
    Restructuring cost
    (5)                       (41)        -         -           (41)               (132)
    Decrease in the
    collective
    allowance for
    credit losses (6)           -        54         -            54                   -
    Adjusting items
    included in
    reported net income
    after tax                 (82)       13       (50)         (158)               (389)
    Impact on EPS ($)       (0.13)     0.02     (0.08)        (0.24)              (0.60)
    Adjusted Results
    Revenue                 5,655     5,459     5,278        22,260              21,171
    Insurance claims,
    commissions and
    changes in policy
    benefit liabilities
    (CCPB)                   (573)     (253)      (79)       (1,538)             (1,543)
    Revenue, net of
    CCPB                    5,082     5,206     5,199        20,722              19,628
    Provision for
    credit losses            (208)     (210)     (174)         (850)               (815)
    Non-interest
    expense                (3,252)   (3,223)   (3,255)      (13,007)            (12,544)
    Income before
    income taxes            1,622     1,773     1,770         6,865               6,269
    Provision for
    income taxes             (313)     (399)     (375)       (1,357)             (1,249)
    Net income              1,309     1,374     1,395         5,508               5,020
    EPS ($)                  1.94      2.03      2.10          8.16                7.52

    (1)    Adjusting items are included in Corporate
           Services, with the exception of the amortization
           of acquisition-related intangible assets, which is
           charged to the operating groups, and acquisition
           integration costs related to F&C Asset Management
           plc (F&C), which are charged to Wealth Management.

    (2)    These expenses were charged to the non-interest
           expense of the operating groups. Before and
           after-tax amounts for each operating group are
           provided on pages 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19.

    (3)    Acquisition integration costs related to F&C Asset
           Management plc (F&C) are charged to Wealth
           Management. Acquisition integration costs related
           to the acquired BMO Transportation Finance
           business are charged to Corporate Services, since
           the acquisition impacts both Canadian and U.S. P&C
           businesses. Acquisition costs are primarily
           recorded in non-interest expense.

    (4)    Cumulative accounting adjustment recognized in
           other non-interest revenue related to foreign
           currency translation, largely impacting prior
           periods.

    (5)    Restructuring charge in Q4-2017 and Q2-2016, as we
           continue to accelerate the use of technology to
           enhance customer experience and focus on driving
           operational efficiencies. Restructuring cost is
           recorded in non-interest expense.

    (6)    Adjustments to the collective allowance for credit
           losses are recorded in Corporate Services
           provision for (recovery of) credit losses.

    Adjusted results and measures in this table are non-GAAP amounts or
    non-GAAP measures.


Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Bank of Montreal's public communications often include written or oral forward-looking statements. Statements of this type are included in this document, and may be included in other filings with Canadian securities regulators or the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or in other communications. All such statements are made pursuant to the "safe harbor" provisions of, and are intended to be forward-looking statements under, the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and any applicable Canadian securities legislation. Forward-looking statements may involve, but are not limited to, comments with respect to our objectives and priorities for fiscal 2018 and beyond, our strategies or future actions, our targets, expectations for our financial condition or share price, and the results of or outlook for our operations or for the Canadian, U.S. and international economies.

By their nature, forward-looking statements require us to make assumptions and are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties. There is significant risk that predictions, forecasts, conclusions or projections will not prove to be accurate, that our assumptions may not be correct, and that actual results may differ materially from such predictions, forecasts, conclusions or projections. We caution readers of this document not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, as a number of factors could cause actual future results, conditions, actions or events to differ materially from the targets, expectations, estimates or intentions expressed in the forward-looking statements.

The future outcomes that relate to forward-looking statements may be influenced by many factors, including but not limited to: general economic and market conditions in the countries in which we operate; weak, volatile or illiquid capital and/or credit markets; interest rate and currency value fluctuations; changes in monetary, fiscal, or economic policy and tax legislation and interpretation; the level of competition in the geographic and business areas in which we operate; changes in laws or in supervisory expectations or requirements, including capital, interest rate and liquidity requirements and guidance, and the effect of such changes on funding costs; judicial or regulatory proceedings; the accuracy and completeness of the information we obtain with respect to our customers and counterparties; our ability to execute our strategic plans and to complete and integrate acquisitions, including obtaining regulatory approvals; critical accounting estimates and the effect of changes to accounting standards, rules and interpretations on these estimates; operational and infrastructure risks; changes to our credit ratings; political conditions, including changes relating to or affecting economic or trade matters; global capital markets activities; the possible effects on our business of war or terrorist activities; outbreaks of disease or illness that affect local, national or international economies; natural disasters and disruptions to public infrastructure, such as transportation, communications, power or water supply; technological changes; information and cyber security; and our ability to anticipate and effectively manage risks arising from all of the foregoing factors.

We caution that the foregoing list is not exhaustive of all possible factors. Other factors and risks could adversely affect our results. For more information, please see the discussion in the Risks That May Affect Future Results section on page 79, and the sections related to credit and counterparty, market, insurance, liquidity and funding, operational, model, legal and regulatory, business, strategic, environmental and social, and reputation risk, which begin on page 86, of BMO's 2017 Annual MD&A and outline certain key factors and risks that may affect Bank of Montreal's future results. Investors and others should carefully consider these factors and risks, as well as other uncertainties and potential events, and the inherent uncertainty of forward-looking statements. Bank of Montreal does not undertake to update any forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time by the organization or on its behalf, except as required by law. The forward-looking information contained in this document is presented for the purpose of assisting our shareholders in understanding our financial position as at and for the periods ended on the dates presented, as well as our strategic priorities and objectives, and may not be appropriate for other purposes.

Assumptions about the performance of the Canadian and U.S. economies, as well as overall market conditions and their combined effect on our business, are material factors we consider when determining our strategic priorities, objectives and expectations for our business. In determining our expectations for economic growth, both broadly and in the financial services sector, we primarily consider historical economic data provided by governments, historical relationships between economic and financial variables, and the risks to the domestic and global economy. See the Economic Developments and Outlook section on page 32 of BMO's 2017 Annual MD&A.

Foreign Exchange
The Canadian dollar equivalents of BMO's U.S. results that are denominated in U.S. dollars were decreased relative to the third quarter of 2017 and the fourth quarter of 2016 by the weaker U.S. dollar. Table 3 indicates the relevant average Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rates and the impact of changes in the rates on our U.S. segment results. References in this document to the impact of the U.S. dollar do not include U.S.-dollar-denominated amounts recorded outside of BMO's U.S. segment.

Economically, our U.S. dollar income stream was unhedged to changes in foreign exchange rates during the current year and the fourth quarter of 2016. We regularly determine whether to execute hedging transactions to mitigate the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on net income.

See the Capital Management section of the 2017 Annual MD&A for discussion on the impact that changes in foreign exchange rates can have on our capital position. Changes in foreign exchange rates will also affect accumulated other comprehensive income primarily from the translation of our investments in foreign operations.

This Foreign Exchange section contains forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward Looking Statements.

 

    Effects of Changes in Exchange Rates on BMO's U.S. Segment
    Reported and Adjusted Results                                                Table 3
                                                                          Q4-2017
    (Canadian $ in millions, except as noted)                      vs Q4-2016 vs Q3-2017
    Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rate (average)
         Current period                                                1.2621     1.2621
         Prior period                                                  1.3216     1.2974
    Effects on U.S. segment reported results
    Decreased net interest income                                         (45)       (27)
    Decreased non-interest revenue                                        (38)       (22)
    Decreased revenues                                                    (83)       (49)
    Decreased provision for credit losses                                   4          2
    Decreased expenses                                                     59         35
    Decreased income taxes                                                  5          3
    Decreased reported net income before impact of hedges                 (15)        (9)
    Hedging losses in current period, after tax                             -          -
    Decreased reported net income                                         (15)        (9)
    Effects on U.S. segment adjusted results
    Decreased net interest income                                         (45)       (27)
    Decreased non-interest revenue                                        (38)       (22)
    Decreased revenues                                                    (83)       (49)
    Decreased provision for credit losses                                   3          2
    Decreased expenses                                                     57         34
    Decreased income taxes                                                  6          3
    Decreased adjusted net income before impact of hedges                 (17)       (10)
    Hedging losses in current period, after tax                             -          -
    Decreased adjusted net income                                         (17)       (10)
    Adjusted results in this section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures.
    Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Net Income
Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
Net income was $1,227 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, down $118 million or 9% from the prior year. Adjusted net income was $1,309 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, down $86 million or 6% from the prior year. Adjusted net income excludes a restructuring charge in the current period, and the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration costs in both periods. EPS of $1.81 was down $0.21 or 10%, and adjusted EPS of $1.94 was down $0.16 or 8% from the prior year. Net income this quarter included claims of $112 million in our reinsurance business largely resulting from the impact of hurricanes Irma, Maria and Harvey which reduced earnings per share by $0.17 and net income growth by approximately 8%. The weaker U.S. dollar reduced net income growth by 1%.

Canadian P&C reported net income of $624 million increased $36 million or 6% and adjusted net income of $625 million increased $37 million or 6% from a year ago due to higher balances across most products and higher net interest margin, partially offset by higher expenses and an increased provision for credit losses. On a Canadian dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both decreased 3% from a year ago due to the weaker U.S. dollar. On a U.S. dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased $5 million or 2% mainly due to higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, partially offset by loan spread compression and higher expenses. Wealth Management reported net income of $172 million and adjusted net income of $186 million both decreased 38% from a year ago. Elevated reinsurance claims in the current quarter and a gain on sale of an equity investment a year ago had a negative impact of 52% on reported net income growth and 48% on adjusted net income growth. Traditional wealth reported net income was $189 million compared to $201 million and adjusted net income was $203 million compared to $224 million a year ago, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were more than offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment last year. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million due to the elevated reinsurance claims this quarter, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes. This compared to insurance net income of $78 million last year. BMO Capital Markets reported and adjusted net income of $326 million both decreased $66 million or 17% from record performance a year ago, primarily due to lower revenue in our Investment and Corporate Banking business, higher expenses, and a higher provision for credit losses. Corporate Services adjusted results increased due to lower expenses, in part due to a gain on the sale of an office building, and higher revenue excluding teb, partially offset by lower credit recoveries. Reported results increased due to the net impact of the drivers noted above, partially offset by the restructuring charge in the current quarter.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
Net income decreased $160 million or 12% and adjusted net income decreased $65 million or 5% from the prior quarter. Adjusted net income excludes a restructuring charge in the current quarter, a decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter and the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration costs in both periods. EPS decreased $0.24 or 11% and adjusted EPS decreased $0.09 or 4%. Net income this quarter included higher reinsurance claims of $112 million which reduced earnings per share by $0.17 and net income growth by approximately 8%.

Canadian P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased by 2% due to higher net interest margin, partially offset by a higher provision for credit losses and higher expenses. On a Canadian dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased $2 million or 1% from the prior quarter. On a U.S. dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased $8 million or 3% due to higher revenue, a lower provision for credit losses and lower expenses, partially offset by a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Wealth Management reported net income, which included elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million, decreased $92 million or 35% and adjusted net income decreased $93 million or 33%. Traditional wealth reported net income of $189 million and adjusted net income of $203 million were relatively unchanged. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter, net of benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes, compared to net income of $76 million in the prior quarter. BMO Capital Markets reported and adjusted net income both increased 11%, primarily due to higher revenue and lower expenses, partially offset by a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter and a higher provision for credit losses. Corporate Services adjusted results decreased largely due to higher expenses, net of a gain on the sale of an office building in the current quarter, partially offset by the impact of a less favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Reported results decreased due to the decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter and the restructuring charge in the current quarter, in addition to the net impact of the drivers noted above.

Adjusted results in this Net Income section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measure section.

Revenue
Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
Revenue of $5,655 million increased $377 million or 7% from the fourth quarter a year ago. On a basis that nets insurance claims, commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities (CCPB) against insurance revenue (net revenue), revenue of $5,082 million decreased $117 million or 2%, or 1% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Net revenue included elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million.

Canadian P&C revenue increased 5%, mainly due to higher balances across most products, higher net interest margin and higher non-interest revenue. U.S. P&C revenue decreased 2% on a Canadian dollar basis due to the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. U.S. P&C revenue increased 3% on a U.S. dollar basis driven by higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, net of loan spread compression and lower non-interest revenue. Traditional wealth revenue was relatively unchanged, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment in the prior year. Net insurance revenue was $42 million, compared to $136 million a year ago due to the elevated reinsurance claims, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes. BMO Capital Markets revenue decreased 4%, as Investment and Corporate Banking revenue decreased from a particularly strong quarter last year, primarily due to lower mergers and acquisitions advisory activity and lower net securities gains, partially offset by higher corporate banking-related revenue. Trading Products revenue was largely unchanged from the prior year. Corporate Services revenue decreased due to a higher group teb adjustment, partially offset by higher revenue excluding teb in the current quarter.

Net interest income increased $37 million or 2% to $2,535 million, or 3% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, primarily due to higher deposit spreads in the Personal and Commercial banking businesses, partially offset by lower net interest income from certain trading businesses. Average earning assets increased $11.2 billion or 2% to $642.5 billion, or 4% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, due to higher securities and loan growth. BMO's overall net interest margin of 1.57% was flat compared to the prior year. Net interest margin (excluding trading) improved 4 basis points from the prior year to 1.91% primarily driven by higher deposit spreads in the Personal and Commercial banking businesses.

Net non-interest revenue of $2,547 million decreased $154 million or 6%, or 4% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, mainly due to the elevated reinsurance claims in the current period, a gain on sale of an equity investment in the prior year and lower underwriting and advisory fees.

Gross insurance revenue increased $396 million from a year ago, largely due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of insurance investments in the current year compared to increases in long-term interest rates decreasing the fair value of insurance investments in the prior year and higher annuity sales. Insurance revenue can experience variability arising from fluctuations in the fair value of insurance assets. The investments which support policy benefit liabilities are predominantly fixed income assets recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in insurance revenue in the Consolidated Statement of Income. These fair value changes are largely offset by changes in the fair value of policy benefit liabilities, the impact of which is reflected in insurance claims, commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities (CCPB), as discussed on page 11. Given the extent to which insurance revenue can vary and that this variability is largely offset in CCPB, we generally focus on analyzing revenue net of CCPB.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
Revenue increased $196 million or 4% from the prior quarter. Net revenue decreased $124 million or 2%, or 1% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Net revenue included elevated reinsurance claims in the current quarter.

Canadian P&C revenue increased 2% primarily due to higher net interest margin. U.S. P&C revenue decreased 1% on a Canadian dollar basis. U.S. P&C revenue increased 2% on a U.S. dollar basis due to increased loan volumes and higher deposit revenue. Traditional wealth revenue increased $13 million or 1%. Net insurance revenue was $42 million compared to $133 million in the prior quarter primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter, net of the benefits from favourable market movements and investment portfolio related changes. BMO Capital Markets revenue increased 6%. Trading Products revenue increased, in part due to increased client activity in our equities business. Investment and Corporate Banking revenue increased as a result of higher investment banking activity, primarily reflecting increased debt underwriting and mergers and acquisitions advisory activities. Corporate Services revenue decreased largely due to a higher group teb adjustment in the current quarter.

Net interest income of $2,535 million was relatively unchanged from the prior quarter, or increased 1% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, mainly due to higher deposit spreads. Average earning assets decreased $4.1 billion or 1% to $642.5 billion. Excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, average earning assets increased $2.6 billion from the prior quarter. BMO's overall net interest margin increased by 2 basis points, and increased 1 basis point on an excluding trading basis, primarily due to higher deposit spreads.

Net non-interest revenue decreased $126 million or 5%, or 4% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims and lower trading revenue in the current quarter, partially offset by increases in foreign exchange, other than trading and underwriting & advisory fees.

Gross insurance revenue increased $228 million from the prior quarter, largely due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of insurance investments in the current quarter compared to increases in long-term interest rates in the prior quarter decreasing the fair value of investments, partially offset by lower annuity sales. The increase in insurance revenue was more than offset by higher insurance claims, commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities as discussed on page 11.

Adjusted results in this Revenue section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.



    Net Interest Margin on Average
    Earning Assets (teb) (1)                                                       Table 4

    (In basis points)                     Q4-2017  Q3-2017 Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
            Canadian P&C                      259      254     253         253         254
            U.S. P&C                          377      380     358         375         363
    Personal and Commercial Banking           296      293     288         292         289
    Wealth Management                         261      243     241         250         237
    BMO Capital Markets                        50       35      53          48          58
    Corporate Services (2)                     nm       nm      nm          nm          nm
    Total BMO net interest margin             157      155     157         155         159
    Total BMO net interest margin
    (excluding trading)                       191      190     187         187         186
    Total Canadian Retail (3)                 257      251     251         251         251

    (1)  Net interest margin is disclosed and computed with
         reference to average earning assets, rather than total
         assets. This basis provides a more relevant measure of
         margins and changes in margins. Operating group margins
         are stated on a taxable equivalent basis (teb) while total
         BMO margin is stated on a GAAP basis.

    (2)  Corporate Services adjusted net interest income is
         negative in all periods and its variability affects
         changes in net interest margin.

    (3)  Total Canadian retail margin represents the net interest
         margin of the combined Canadian businesses of Canadian P&C
         and Wealth Management.

    nm - not meaningful.


Provision for Credit Losses
Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
The total provision for credit losses was $208 million, an increase of $34 million from the prior year due to higher provisions in BMO Capital Markets, Corporate Services and Canadian P&C. There was no net change to the collective allowance in the quarter.

Canadian P&C provisions increased $11 million to $134 million due to higher commercial provisions. U.S. P&C provisions of $66 million were unchanged as higher consumer provisions were offset by the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. BMO Capital Markets provisions were $4 million compared with net recoveries of $8 million in the prior year. Corporate Services provisions increased $12 million primarily due to lower credit recoveries compared to the prior year.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
The total provision for credit losses increased $74 million, reflecting a decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter. The specific provision for credit losses was $208 million, relatively flat compared to the prior quarter.

Canadian P&C provisions increased $9 million due to higher commercial provisions. U.S. P&C provisions decreased $13 million due to lower consumer and commercial provisions. BMO Capital Markets provisions were $4 million compared with net recoveries of $2 million in the prior quarter. Corporate Services specific provisions were flat quarter over quarter.



    Provision for Credit Losses by
    Operating Group                                                               Table 5

    (Canadian $ in millions)              Q4-2017 Q3-2017 Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
           Canadian P&C                       134     125     123         505         542
           U.S. P&C                            66      79      66         295         257
    Personal and Commercial Banking           200     204     189         800         799
    Wealth Management                           -       5       1           8           9
    BMO Capital Markets                         4      (2)     (8)         44          81
    Corporate Services                          4       3      (8)         (2)        (74)
    Specific provision for credit losses      208     210     174         850         815
    Decrease in the collective allowance
    for credit losses                           -     (76)      -         (76)          -
    Provision for credit losses               208     134     174         774         815

    Changes to Provision for Credit
    Losses                                                                        Table 6

    (Canadian $ in millions, except as
    noted)                                Q4-2017 Q3-2017 Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
    New specific provisions                   326     318     339       1,356       1,386
    Reversals of previously established
    allowances                                (47)    (47)    (85)       (241)       (228)
    Recoveries of loans previously
    written-off                               (71)    (61)    (80)       (265)       (343)
    Specific provision for credit losses      208     210     174         850         815
    Decrease in the collective allowance
    for credit losses                           -     (76)      -         (76)          -
    Provision for credit losses               208     134     174         774         815
    PCL-to-average net loans and
    acceptances (annualized) (%)             0.22    0.14    0.19        0.21        0.23
    Specific PCL-to-average net loans
    and acceptances (annualized) (%)         0.22    0.22    0.19        0.23        0.23

Impaired Loans
Total gross impaired loans (GIL) were $2,174 million at the end of the current quarter, down from $2,332 million a year ago, primarily due to lower oil and gas impaired loans. GIL increased from $2,109 million in the third quarter of 2017 primarily due to the impact of a stronger U.S. dollar.

Factors contributing to the change in GIL are outlined in Table 7 below. Loans classified as impaired during the quarter totalled $527 million, up from $405 million in the third quarter of 2017 and down from $555 million a year ago.


   

    Changes in Gross Impaired Loans (GIL) and
    Acceptances (1)                                                                Table 7

    (Canadian $ in
    millions, except as
    noted)                         Q4-2017         Q3-2017 Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
    GIL, beginning of
    period                           2,109           2,399   2,307       2,332       1,959
    Classified as impaired
    during the period                  527             405     555       2,193       2,512
    Transferred to not
    impaired during the
    period                            (135)           (159)   (133)       (607)       (577)
    Net repayments                    (184)           (242)   (161)     (1,007)       (869)
    Amounts written-off               (147)           (150)   (250)       (623)       (706)
    Recoveries of loans
    and advances
    previously written-off               -               -       -           -           -
    Disposals of loans                 (45)              1     (28)        (46)        (34)
    Foreign exchange and
    other movements                     49            (145)     42         (68)         47
    GIL, end of period               2,174           2,109   2,332       2,174       2,332
    GIL-to-gross loans and
    acceptances (%)                   0.57            0.56    0.62        0.57        0.62

    (1) GIL excludes purchased credit impaired loans.

Insurance Claims, Commissions and Changes in Policy Benefit Liabilities
Insurance claims, commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities (CCPB) were $573 million in the fourth quarter of 2017, up $494 million from $79 million in the fourth quarter of 2016 due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities compared to increases in long-term interest rates in the fourth quarter of 2016 decreasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities, elevated reinsurance claims and the impact of higher annuity sales. CCPB were up $320 million from $253 million in the third quarter of 2017 due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities compared to increases in long-term interest rates in the third quarter of 2017 decreasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities, and the elevated reinsurance claims, partially offset by the impact of lower annuity sales. The increases related to the fair value of policy benefit liabilities and annuity sales were largely offset in revenue.

Non-Interest Expense
Reported non-interest expense of $3,369 million increased $46 million or 1% from the fourth quarter a year ago. Adjusted non-interest expense of $3,252 million decreased $3 million. Adjusted non-interest expense increased 2% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted non-interest expense excludes a restructuring charge in the current quarter and acquisition integration costs and the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets in both periods. Higher technology costs and professional fees were largely offset by a gain on the sale of an office building in the quarter and lower employee-related expenses.

Reported non-interest expense increased $91 million or 3% and adjusted non-interest expense increased approximately 1% from the third quarter of 2017. Adjusted non-interest expense increased 2% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Higher technology costs, professional fees and other costs were largely offset by lower employee-related expenses.

Reported operating leverage, on a net revenue basis, was negative 3.6% year over year. Adjusted operating leverage, on a net revenue basis, was negative 2.1% year over year. The elevated reinsurance claims in the quarter reduced adjusted and reported operating leverage by approximately 2.0%. Annual reported and adjusted operating leverage, on a net revenue basis, were 3.7% and 1.9%, respectively.

The reported efficiency ratio was 59.6% compared to 63.0% in the prior year, and was 66.3% on a net revenue basis compared to 63.9% in the prior year. The adjusted efficiency ratio was 57.5% compared to 61.7% in the prior year, and was 64.0% on a net revenue basis compared to 62.6% in the prior year. The elevated reinsurance claims noted above increased the adjusted net efficiency ratio by approximately 1.4%.

Non-interest expense is detailed in the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

Adjusted results in this Non-Interest Expense section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes of $278 million decreased $79 million from the fourth quarter of 2016 and decreased $129 million from the third quarter of 2017. The effective tax rate for the quarter was 18.5%, compared with 21.0% a year ago and 22.7% in the third quarter of 2017. The adjusted provision for income taxes of $313 million decreased $62 million from a year ago and decreased $86 million from the third quarter of 2017. The adjusted effective tax rate was 19.3% in the current quarter, compared with 21.2% a year ago and 22.5% in the third quarter of 2017. The lower reported and adjusted tax rates in the current quarter relative to the fourth quarter of 2016 were primarily due to higher tax-exempt income from securities. The lower reported and adjusted tax rates in the current quarter relative to the third quarter of 2017 were primarily due to higher tax-exempt income from securities, partially offset by a favourable tax item in the prior quarter. On a teb basis, the reported effective tax rate for the quarter was 27.1%, compared with 26.3% a year ago and 25.3% in the third quarter of 2017. On a teb basis, the adjusted effective tax rate for the quarter was 27.2%, compared with 26.3% a year ago and 25.1% in the third quarter of 2017.

Adjusted results in this Income Taxes section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures Section.

Capital Management
Fourth Quarter 2017 Regulatory Capital Review 

BMO's Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) Ratio was 11.4% at October 31, 2017.

The CET1 Ratio increased from 11.2% at the end of the third quarter due largely to retained earnings growth and favourable pension and post-retirement benefit impacts, partially offset by business growth and share repurchases during the quarter. The CET1 Ratio increased from 10.1% at October 31, 2016 mainly due to retained earnings growth and lower source currency RWA. The impact of foreign exchange movements on the CET1 Ratio was largely offset, as outlined below.

CET1 Capital at October 31, 2017, was $30.6 billion, up from $29.6 billion at July 31, 2017, mainly due to retained earnings growth and the net impact of foreign exchange movements which increased capital from accumulated other comprehensive income net of higher capital deductions, partially offset by share repurchases during the quarter. CET1 Capital was up $2.5 billion from October 31, 2016, mainly due to higher retained earnings.

RWA were $269.5 billion at October 31, 2017, up from $264.8 billion at July 31, 2017, largely due to the impact of foreign exchange movements and business growth, partially offset by favourable pension and post-retirement and benefit impacts. RWA were down from $277.6 billion at October 31, 2016, which primarily reflects higher RWA from business growth being more than offset by the benefits of risk mitigation and capital management actions, methodology changes, as well as foreign exchange movements.

The bank's Tier 1 and Total Capital Ratios were 13.0% and 15.1% at October 31, 2017, respectively, compared with 12.9% and 15.2%, at July 31, 2017. The Tier 1 Ratio was higher due to the same factors that impacted the CET1 Ratio as discussed above. The Total Capital Ratio was lower mainly due to the redemption of trust subordinated notes. The Tier 1 and Total Capital Ratios were 11.6% and 13.6%, respectively, at October 31, 2016. The October 31, 2017 Tier 1 Ratio was higher compared with October 31, 2016 primarily due to higher CET1 Capital as discussed above, as well as the issuance of preferred shares. The Total Capital Ratio was higher compared with October 31, 2016 primarily due to higher Tier 1 Capital.

BMO's Leverage Ratio was 4.4% at October 31, 2017, consistent with July 31, 2017. The October 31, 2017 Leverage Ratio was higher compared to October 31, 2016 mainly due to higher Tier 1 Capital.

BMO's investments in foreign operations are primarily denominated in U.S. dollars. The foreign exchange impact of U.S. dollar-denominated RWA and U.S. dollar-denominated capital deductions may result in variability in the bank's capital ratios. BMO may offset the impact of foreign exchange movements on its capital ratios and did so during the fourth quarter. Any such activities could also impact our book value and return on equity.

Other Capital Developments
During the quarter, we repurchased and cancelled 1 million common shares as part of the normal course issuer bid at an average cost of $89.88 per share for a total of approximately $90 million.

During the quarter, 130,968 common shares were issued through the exercise of stock options.

On September 26, 2017, Trust Subordinated Notes - Series A were redeemed at par for an aggregate redemption of $800 million, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date.

On December 5, 2017, BMO announced that the Board of Directors had declared a quarterly dividend on common shares of $0.93 per share, up $0.03 per share or 3% from the prior quarter and up $0.05 per share or 6% from a year ago. The dividend is payable on February 27, 2018 to shareholders of record on February 1, 2018. Common shareholders may elect to have their cash dividends reinvested in common shares of BMO in accordance with the Shareholder Dividend Reinvestment and Share Purchase Plan.


   

    Qualifying Regulatory Capital and Risk-Weighted Assets (All-in (1))        Table 8

    (Canadian $ in millions, except as noted)             Q4-2017   Q3-2017    Q4-2016
        Gross Common Equity (2)                            40,114    38,694     38,464
        Regulatory adjustments applied to Common Equity    (9,481)   (9,090)   (10,305)
    Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (CET1)                    30,633    29,604     28,159
        Additional Tier 1 Eligible
        Capital (3)                                         4,690     4,690      4,290
        Regulatory adjustments applied to Tier 1             (215)     (213)      (213)
    Additional Tier 1 Capital (AT1)                         4,475     4,477      4,077
    Tier 1 Capital (T1 = CET1 + AT1)                       35,108    34,081     32,236
        Tier 2 Eligible Capital (4)                         5,538     6,339      5,677
        Regulatory adjustments applied to Tier 2              (50)      (56)       (51)
    Tier 2 Capital (T2)                                     5,488     6,283      5,626
    Total Capital (TC = T1 + T2)                           40,596    40,364     37,862
    Risk-weighted assets (5) (6)
    CET1 Capital Risk-Weighted Assets                     269,466   264,819    277,562
    Tier 1 Capital Risk-Weighted Assets                   269,466   264,819    277,562
    Total Capital Risk-Weighted Assets                    269,466   264,819    277,562
    Capital Ratios (%)
    CET1 Ratio                                               11.4      11.2       10.1
    Tier 1 Capital Ratio                                     13.0      12.9       11.6
    Total Capital Ratio                                      15.1      15.2       13.6

    (1)    "All-in" regulatory capital assumes that all Basel
           III regulatory adjustments are applied effective
           January 1, 2013, and that the capital value of
           instruments that no longer qualify as regulatory
           capital under Basel III rules is being phased out at
           a rate of 10% per year from January 1, 2013 to
           January 1, 2022.

    (2)    Gross Common Equity includes issued qualifying
           common shares, retained earnings, accumulated other
           comprehensive income and eligible common share
           capital issued by subsidiaries.

    (3)    Additional Tier 1 Eligible Capital includes directly
           and indirectly issued qualifying Additional Tier 1
           instruments and directly and indirectly issued
           capital instruments, to the extent eligible, which
           are subject to phase-out under Basel III.

    (4)    Tier 2 Eligible Capital includes directly and
           indirectly issued qualifying Tier 2 instruments and
           directly and indirectly issued capital instruments,
           to the extent eligible, that are subject to
           phase-out under Basel III.

    (5)    Due to the phased-in implementation of the Credit
           Valuation Adjustment (CVA) which commenced in
           Q1-2014, the scalars applied to the fully
           implemented CVA charge for CET1, Tier 1 Capital and
           Total Capital are 72%, 77% and 81%, respectively in
           2017.

    (6)    For institutions using advanced approaches for
           credit risk or operational risk, there is a capital
           floor as prescribed in OSFI's CAR Guideline.


Caution
The foregoing Capital Management section contains forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Eligible Dividends Designation
For the purposes of the Income Tax Act (Canada) and any similar provincial and territorial legislation, BMO designates all dividends paid or deemed to be paid on both its common and preferred shares as "eligible dividends", unless indicated otherwise.

Review of Operating Groups' Performance
How BMO Reports Operating Group Results
The following sections review the financial results of each of our operating groups and operating segments for the fourth quarter of 2017.

Periodically, certain business lines and units within the business lines are transferred between client and corporate support groups to more closely align BMO's organizational structure with its strategic priorities. In addition, revenue and expense allocations are updated to better align with current experience. Results for prior periods are restated to conform to the current presentation.

BMO analyzes revenue at the consolidated level based on GAAP revenue reflected in the consolidated financial statements rather than on a taxable equivalent basis (teb), which is consistent with our Canadian peer group. Like many banks, we analyze revenue on a teb basis at the operating group level. Revenue and the provision for income taxes are increased on tax-exempt securities to an equivalent before-tax basis to facilitate comparisons of income between taxable and tax-exempt sources. The offset to the group teb adjustments is reflected in Corporate Services revenue and income tax provisions.


   

    Personal and Commercial Banking (P&C)                                          Table 9

    (Canadian $ in millions, except as                                     Fiscal   Fiscal
    noted)                                      Q4-2017 Q3-2017  Q4-2016     2017     2016

    Net interest income (teb)                     2,278   2,243    2,200    8,869    8,598
    Non-interest revenue                            787     805      803    3,248    3,028
    Total revenue (teb)                           3,065   3,048    3,003   12,117   11,626
    Provision for credit losses                     200     204      189      800      799
    Non-interest expense                          1,637   1,653    1,625    6,542    6,370
    Income before income taxes                    1,228   1,191    1,189    4,775    4,457
    Provision for income taxes (teb)                324     299      313    1,197    1,170
    Reported net income                             904     892      876    3,578    3,287
       Amortization of acquisition-related
       intangible assets (1)                         12      12       13       49       52
    Adjusted net income                             916     904      889    3,627    3,339

    Net income growth (%)                           3.2     6.4     13.7      8.8     11.8
    Adjusted net income growth (%)                  3.0     6.2     13.2      8.6     11.4
    Revenue growth (%)                              2.1     3.7     12.5      4.2     13.2
    Non-interest expense growth (%)                 0.7     5.1      9.0      2.7     11.1
    Adjusted non-interest expense growth (%)        0.8     5.2      9.2      2.8     11.3
    Return on equity (%)                           17.3    16.9     16.8     16.9     15.9
    Adjusted return on equity (%)                  17.5    17.1     17.1     17.1     16.2
    Operating leverage (%) (teb)                    1.4   (1.4)      3.5      1.5      2.1
    Adjusted operating leverage (%) (teb)           1.3   (1.5)      3.3      1.4      1.9
    Efficiency ratio (%) (teb)                     53.4    54.2     54.1     54.0     54.8
    Adjusted efficiency ratio (%) (teb)            52.9    53.7     53.5     53.4     54.2
    Net interest margin on average earning
    assets (%) (teb)                               2.96    2.93     2.88     2.92     2.89
    Average earning assets                      305,726 303,524  303,882  304,059  297,065
    Average net loans and acceptances           309,165 305,971  303,865  306,120  296,565
    Average deposits                            236,309 238,998  235,399  238,419  230,013

    (1)   Before tax amounts of: $16 million in Q4-2017; $17
          million in Q3-2017; $18 million in Q4-2016; $66
          million for Fiscal 2017 and $71 million for Fiscal
          2016 are included in non-interest expense.

    Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures.
    Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.


The Personal and Commercial Banking (P&C) operating group represents the sum of our two retail and business banking operating segments, Canadian Personal and Commercial Banking (Canadian P&C) and U.S. Personal and Commercial Banking (U.S. P&C). The P&C banking business net income of $904 million and adjusted net income of $916 million were both up 3% or 5% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets. These operating segments are reviewed separately in the sections that follow.

Adjusted results in this P&C section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the non-GAAP Measures section.



    Canadian Personal and Commercial
    Banking (Canadian P&C)                                                        Table 10

    (Canadian $ in millions, except as
    noted)                                Q4-2017  Q3-2017 Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

    Net interest income                     1,371    1,334   1,299       5,262       5,060
    Non-interest revenue                      515      521     503       2,182       1,909
    Total revenue                           1,886    1,855   1,802       7,444       6,969
    Provision for credit losses               134      125     123         505         542
    Non-interest expense                      913      904     886       3,600       3,464
    Income before income taxes                839      826     793       3,339       2,963
    Provision for income taxes                215      212     205         827         761
    Reported net income                       624      614     588       2,512       2,202
       Amortization of
       acquisition-related
       intangible assets (1)                    1        1       -           3           2
    Adjusted net income                       625      615     588       2,515       2,204

    Personal revenue                        1,228    1,203   1,182       4,715       4,554
    Commercial revenue                        658      652     620       2,729       2,415
    Net income growth (%)                     6.1      9.4     5.0        14.0         4.7
    Revenue growth (%)                        4.7      4.8     5.4         6.8         5.0
    Non-interest expense growth (%)           3.0      4.7     4.5         3.9         3.7
    Adjusted non-interest expense
    growth (%)                                3.0      4.7     4.6         3.9         3.7
    Operating leverage (%)                    1.7      0.1     0.9         2.9         1.3
    Adjusted operating leverage (%)           1.7      0.1     0.8         2.9         1.3
    Efficiency ratio (%)                     48.4     48.7    49.2        48.4        49.7
    Net interest margin on average
    earning assets (%)                       2.59     2.54    2.53        2.53        2.54
    Average earning assets                210,110  208,682 203,876     207,815     199,527
    Average net loans and acceptances     218,909  216,878 210,715     215,667     205,813
    Average deposits                      154,335  154,102 145,989     152,492     142,132

    (1)    Before tax amounts of: $nil in Q4-2017; $1 million in
           each of Q3-2017 and Q4-2016; $2 million for Fiscal 2017
           and $3 million for Fiscal 2016 are included in
           non-interest expense.

    Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures.
    Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.


Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
Canadian P&C reported net income of $624 million increased $36 million or 6% and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, of $625 million increased $37 million or 6% from a year ago. Revenue of $1,886 million increased $84 million or 5% from the prior year, due to higher balances across most products, higher net interest margin and higher non-interest revenue. Net interest margin of 2.59% was up 6 basis points due to product mix changes, including the impact of deposits growing faster than loans, and higher spreads.

Personal revenue increased $46 million or 4% due to higher balances across most products and higher net interest margin.

Commercial revenue increased $38 million or 6% due to higher balances across most products and higher non-interest revenue.

The provision for credit losses increased $11 million to $134 million due to higher commercial provisions. Non-interest expense of $913 million increased $27 million or 3% reflecting continued investment in the business.

Average net loans and acceptances of $218.9 billion increased $8.2 billion or 4% from a year ago. Total personal lending balances (excluding retail cards) increased 3% and commercial loan balances (excluding corporate cards) grew 7%. Average deposits of $154.3 billion increased $8.3 billion or 6%. Personal deposit balances increased 5%, including 11% growth in chequing account balances, while commercial deposit balances grew 7%.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
Reported and adjusted net income both increased 2% from the prior quarter. Revenue increased $31 million or 2% primarily due to higher net interest margin. Net interest margin of 2.59% was up 5 basis points primarily due to higher deposit spreads and also due to higher interest recoveries in the quarter.

Personal revenue increased $25 million or 2% and commercial revenue increased $6 million or 1%.

The provision for credit losses increased $9 million due to higher commercial provisions. Non-interest expense increased $9 million or 1%.

Average net loans and acceptances increased $2.0 billion or 1%, while average deposits increased $0.2 billion.

Adjusted results in this Canadian P&C section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.



    U.S. Personal and Commercial Banking (U.S. P&C)                               Table 11

    (US$ in millions, except as
    noted)                            Q4-2017   Q3-2017    Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

    Net interest income (teb)             719       701        682       2,761       2,671
    Non-interest revenue                  216       219        227         817         845
    Total revenue (teb)                   935       920        909       3,578       3,516
    Provision for credit losses            53        59         50         225         194
    Non-interest expense                  574       577        559       2,252       2,193
    Income before income taxes            308       284        300       1,101       1,129
    Provision for income taxes
    (teb)                                  86        70         83         284         310
    Reported net income                   222       214        217         817         819
             Amortization of
             acquisition-related
             intangible assets (1)          9         9          9          36          37
    Adjusted net income                   231       223        226         853         856

    Net income growth (%)                 1.9       0.7       36.6       (0.3)        22.9
    Adjusted net income growth (%)        1.6       0.4       33.7       (0.5)        20.8
    Revenue growth (%)                    2.9       2.4       24.9         1.8        21.5
    Non-interest expense growth(%)        2.6       6.1       14.7         2.7        15.1
    Adjusted non-interest expense
    growth (%)                            2.8       6.4       15.3         2.9        15.7
    Operating leverage (%) (teb)          0.3      (3.7)      10.2        (0.9)        6.4
    Adjusted operating leverage(%) (teb)  0.1      (4.0)       9.6        (1.1)        5.8
    Efficiency ratio (%) (teb)           61.4      62.8       61.6        62.9        62.4
    Adjusted efficiency ratio (%)(teb)   60.1      61.5       60.1        61.6        60.9
    Net interest margin on average
    earning assets (%) (teb)             3.77      3.80       3.58        3.75        3.63
    Average earning assets             75,758    73,130     75,666      73,661      73,639
    Average net loans and
    acceptances                        71,512    68,700     70,478      69,233      68,514
    Average deposits                   64,952    65,424     67,660      65,724      66,343

    (Canadian $ equivalent in
    millions)
    Net interest income (teb)             907       909        901       3,607       3,538
    Non-interest revenue                  272       284        300       1,066       1,119
    Total revenue (teb)                 1,179     1,193      1,201       4,673       4,657
    Provision for credit losses            66        79         66         295         257
    Non-interest expense                  724       749        739       2,942       2,906
    Income before income taxes            389       365        396       1,436       1,494
    Provision for income taxes
    (teb)                                 109        87        108         370         409
    Reported net income                   280       278        288       1,066       1,085
    Adjusted net income                   291       289        301       1,112       1,135

    Net income growth (%)                (2.7)      0.2       37.0        (1.7)       29.5
    Adjusted net income growth (%)       (3.0)     (0.1)      34.1        (1.9)       27.4
    Revenue growth (%)                   (1.7)      2.0       25.2         0.3        28.2
    Non-interest expense growth (%)      (2.0)      5.6       14.9         1.2        21.5
    Adjusted non-interest expense
    growth (%)                           (1.8)      5.9       15.5         1.4        22.2
    Average earning assets             95,616    94,842    100,006      96,244      97,538
    Average net loans and
    acceptances                        90,256    89,093     93,150      90,453      90,752
    Average deposits                   81,974    84,896     89,410      85,927      87,881

   (1)   Before tax amounts of: US$13 million in each of Q4-2017 and
         Q4-2016; US$12 million in Q3-2017; US$49 million for Fiscal
         2017 and US$52 million for Fiscal 2016 are included in
         non-interest expense.

    Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures.
    Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.


Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
Reported net income of $280 million and adjusted net income of $291 million both decreased 3% from a year ago due to the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets. All amounts in the remainder of this section are on a U.S. dollar basis.

Reported net income of $222 million and adjusted net income of $231 million both increased $5 million or 2% compared to a year ago mainly due to higher revenue, partially offset by higher expenses. Revenue of $935 million increased $26 million or 3%, mainly due to higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, net of loan spread compression and lower non-interest revenue. Net interest margin increased 19 basis points to 3.77% due to higher deposit spreads driven by increased interest rates and business mix, net of loan spread compression.

The provision for credit losses of $53 million increased $3 million due to higher consumer provisions. Non-interest expense of $574 million and adjusted non-interest expense of $561 million both increased $15 million or 3%, primarily due to higher technology investments.

Average net loans and acceptances increased $1.0 billion or 1% from the prior year to $71.5 billion, driven by commercial loan growth of 8%, partially offset by declines in personal loan volumes, largely due to the indirect auto loan sale completed in the first quarter. Subsequent to year end, we purchased a $2.1 billion residential loan portfolio. This portfolio fits well within our risk profile.

Average deposits decreased $2.7 billion or 4% from the prior year due to an expected decline in commercial volumes given higher interest rates, partially offset by growth in personal volumes.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
Reported net income and adjusted net income both increased $2 million or 1% from the prior quarter. All amounts in the remainder of this section are on a U.S. dollar basis.

Reported net income and adjusted net income both increased $8 million or 3% due to higher revenue, a lower provision for credit losses and lower expenses, partially offset by a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Revenue increased $15 million or 2% due to increased loan volumes and higher deposit revenue. Net interest margin decreased 3 basis points due to loans growing faster than deposits, partially offset by improved deposit spreads.

Provision for credit losses decreased $6 million due to lower consumer and commercial provisions. Non-interest expense and adjusted non-interest expense both decreased 1%.

Average net loans and acceptances increased $2.8 billion or 4% due to commercial loan growth of 6%. Average deposits decreased $0.5 million or 1% due to a decline in commercial volumes, partially offset by growth in personal volumes.

Adjusted results in this U.S. P&C section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.


   

    BMO Wealth Management                                                         Table 12

    (Canadian $ in millions, except
    as noted)                         Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017    Fiscal 2016

    Net interest income                   189      175      162         700            614
    Non-interest revenue                1,490    1,262    1,120       5,492          5,274
    Total revenue                       1,679    1,437    1,282       6,192          5,888
    Insurance claims, commissions
    and changes in policy benefit
    liabilities (CCPB)                    573      253       79       1,538          1,543
    Revenue, net of CCPB                1,106    1,184    1,203       4,654          4,345
    Provision for credit losses             -        5        1           8              9
    Non-interest expense                  840      832      833       3,347          3,337
    Income before income taxes            266      347      369       1,299            999
    Provision for income taxes             94       83       90         346            238
    Reported net income                   172      264      279         953            761
              Acquisition
              integration costs (1)         -        -        7           -             30
              Amortization of
              acquisition-related
              intangible assets (2)        14       15       16          65             71
    Adjusted net income                   186      279      302       1,018            862

    Traditional Wealth businesses
    reported net income                   189      188      201         717            539
    Traditional Wealth businesses
    adjusted net income                   203      203      224         782            640
    Insurance reported net income         (17)      76       78         236            222
    Net income growth (%)               (38.3)    31.6     15.0        25.2          (10.3)
    Adjusted net income growth (%)      (38.1)    22.7     11.4        18.1           (9.6)
    Revenue growth (%)                   31.1    (18.9)   (12.0)        5.2            2.2
    Revenue growth, net of CCPB (%)      (8.0)     9.5      0.9         7.1           (3.6)
    Non-interest expense growth (%)       0.9      2.6     (2.5)        0.3           (0.6)
    Adjusted non-interest expense
    growth (%)                            2.3      4.5     (1.8)        1.8           (0.4)
    Return on equity (%)                 11.4     17.6     18.1        15.7           12.4
    Adjusted return on equity (%)        12.3     18.5     19.6        16.8           14.1
    Operating leverage, net of CCPB
    (%)                                  (8.9)     6.9      3.4         6.8           (3.0)
    Adjusted operating leverage,
    net of CCPB (%)                     (10.3)     5.0      2.7         5.3           (3.2)
    Efficiency ratio, net of CCPB
    (%)                                  75.9     70.3     69.2        71.9           76.8
    Adjusted efficiency ratio (%)        49.0     56.7     62.7        52.8           54.5
    Adjusted efficiency ratio, net
    of CCPB (%)                          74.3     68.8     66.8        70.2           73.9
    Assets under management and
    administration                    789,221  878,423  875,389     789,221        875,389
    Average earning assets             28,754   28,444   26,808      28,026         25,898
    Average net loans and
    acceptances                        18,533   18,323   16,952      18,063         16,458
    Average deposits                   33,281   33,778   30,905      33,289         29,931
    U.S. Select Financial Data (US$
    in millions)
    Total revenue                         168      165      196         650            629
    Non-interest expense                  137      137      139         543            575
    Reported net income                    20       22       41          78             39
    Adjusted net income                    23       25       45          90             54
    Average earning assets              3,398    3,386    3,405       3,348          3,446
    Average net loans and
    acceptances                         3,355    3,345    3,207       3,300          3,200
    Average deposits                    5,882    5,820    5,484       5,783          5,602

   (1)   F&C acquisition integration costs before tax amounts
         of: $10 million in Q4-2016 and $38 million for
         Fiscal 2016 are included in non-interest expense.

   (2)   Before tax amounts of: $18 million in Q4-2017; $17
         million in Q3-2017; $19 million in Q4-2016; $80
         million for Fiscal 2017 and $88 million for Fiscal
         2016 are included in non-interest expense.

    Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP
    measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.


Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
Reported net income of $172 million decreased $107 million or 38% and adjusted net income of $186 million decreased $116 million or 38% from a year ago. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration costs. Elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter largely resulting from the estimate of the impact of hurricanes and a gain on sale of an equity investment a year ago had a negative impact of 52% on reported net income growth and 48% on adjusted net income growth. Traditional wealth reported net income was $189 million compared to $201 million and adjusted net income was $203 million compared to $224 million a year ago, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were more than offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment last year. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million due to the elevated reinsurance claims this quarter, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of changes in our investment portfolio. This compared to net income of $78 million last year.

Revenue was $1,679 million compared to $1,282 million a year ago. Revenue, net of CCPB, was $1,106 million compared to $1,203 million. Revenue in traditional wealth of $1,064 million was relatively unchanged as improved equity markets, and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment in the prior year. Insurance revenue, net of CCPB, was $42 million, compared to $136 million a year ago due to the elevated reinsurance claims, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes.

Non-interest expense of $840 million increased $7 million and adjusted non-interest expense of $822 million increased $18 million or 2% reflecting continued good expense management.

Assets under management and administration decreased $86 billion or 10% from a year ago to $789 billion due to the divestiture of a non-strategic business in the fourth quarter, which reduced assets under administration by $138 billion, and unfavourable foreign exchange movements, partially offset by market appreciation and growth in new client assets. Year-over-year loans and deposits grew by 9% and 8%, respectively, as we continue to diversify our product mix.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
Reported net income was $172 million compared to $264 million in the prior quarter and adjusted net income was $186 million compared to $279 million. Traditional wealth reported net income of $189 million and adjusted net income of $203 million were relatively unchanged from the prior quarter. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter, net of benefits from favourable market movements and the impacts of investment portfolio related changes, compared to net income of $76 million in the prior quarter.

Revenue, net of CCPB, was $1,106 million compared to $1,184 million in the prior quarter. Revenue in traditional wealth increased $13 million or 1%. Net insurance revenue was $42 million compared to $133 million in the prior quarter, primarily due to the factor noted above.

Non-interest expense increased $8 million and adjusted non-interest expense increased $7 million.

Assets under management and administration decreased $89 billion or 10% due to the divestiture of a non-strategic business in the fourth quarter noted above, partially offset by market appreciation and favourable foreign exchange movements. Quarter over quarter, loans grew 1% and deposits declined 1%.

Adjusted results in this BMO Wealth Management section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP measures section.


   

    BMO Capital Markets                                                           Table 13

    (Canadian $ in millions, except as
    noted)                               Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

    Net interest income (teb)                329      234      339       1,288       1,483
    Non-interest revenue                     800      833      840       3,336       2,855
    Total revenue (teb)                    1,129    1,067    1,179       4,624       4,338
    Provision for (recovery of) credit
    losses                                     4       (2)      (8)         44          81
    Non-interest expense                     679      691      660       2,778       2,574
    Income before income taxes               446      378      527       1,802       1,683
    Provision for income taxes (teb)         120       86      135         487         430
    Reported net income                      326      292      392       1,315       1,253
             Amortization of
             acquisition-related
             intangible assets (1)             -        1        -           2           1
    Adjusted net income                      326      293      392       1,317       1,254

    Trading Products revenue                 656      616      659       2,736       2,671
    Investment and Corporate Banking
    revenue                                  473      451      520       1,888       1,667
    Net income growth (%)                  (16.9)    (7.8)    66.1         5.0        24.1
    Revenue growth (%)                      (4.3)    (1.3)    26.8         6.6        13.1
    Non-interest expense growth (%)          2.9     11.3      6.1         7.9         3.8
    Return on equity (%)                    16.2     13.7     20.5        15.8        16.0
    Operating leverage (%) (teb)            (7.2)   (12.6)    20.7        (1.3)        9.3
    Efficiency ratio (%) (teb)              60.2     64.7     56.0        60.1        59.3
    Net interest margin on average
    earning assets (%) (teb)                0.50     0.35     0.53        0.48        0.58
    Average earning assets               259,583  267,224  253,963     266,928     254,370
    Average assets                       297,526  307,265  299,085     306,319     304,031
    Average net loans and acceptances     50,217   52,745   48,117      51,358      46,109
    Average deposits                     141,662  144,768  151,507     147,306     150,068
    U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in
    millions)
    Total revenue (teb)                      340      317      320       1,343       1,144
    Non-interest expense                     232      244      223         927         860
    Reported net income                       74       55       70         285         184
    Average earning assets                90,448   90,347   80,739      88,135      78,704
    Average assets                        95,224   95,292   87,654      93,344      86,222
    Average net loans and acceptances     15,504   15,703   15,768      15,551      15,068
    Average deposits                      56,683   53,824   50,614      52,471      52,459

    (1)  Before tax amounts of: $nil in each of Q4-2017 and
         Q4-2016; $1 million in Q3-2017; $3 million for Fiscal 2017
         and $1 million for Fiscal 2016 are included in
         non-interest expense.
    Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures.
    Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.


Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
Reported and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, were both $326 million, down $66 million or 17% from record performance a year ago, primarily due to lower revenue in our Investment and Corporate Banking business, higher expenses, and a higher provision for credit losses.

Revenue of $1,129 million decreased $50 million or 4%, or 3% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Investment and Corporate Banking revenue decreased from a particularly strong quarter last year, primarily due to lower mergers and acquisitions advisory activity and lower net securities gains, partially offset by higher corporate banking-related revenue. Trading Products revenue was largely unchanged from the prior year.

The provision for credit losses was $4 million compared with net recoveries of $8 million in the prior year. Reported and adjusted non-interest expense of $679 million increased $19 million or 3%, or 5% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, reflecting continued investment in our business.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
Reported and adjusted net income both increased 11% from the prior quarter, primarily due to higher revenue and lower expenses, partially offset by the impact of a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter and a higher provision for credit losses.

Revenue increased $62 million or 6%, or 7% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Trading Products revenue increased, in part due to increased client activity in our equities business. Investment and Corporate Banking revenue increased as a result of higher investment banking activity, primarily reflecting increased debt underwriting and mergers and acquisitions advisory activity.

The provision for credit losses was $4 million compared with a net recovery of $2 million in the prior quarter. Reported and adjusted non-interest expense both decreased 2%, or were relatively unchanged excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar.

Adjusted results in this BMO Capital Markets section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

 

    Corporate Services                                                            Table 14

    (Canadian $ in millions, except as
    noted)                               Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

    Net interest income before group
    teb offset                               (85)     (57)    (79)       (283)       (313)
    Group teb offset                        (176)     (62)   (124)       (567)       (510)
    Net interest income (teb)               (261)    (119)   (203)       (850)       (823)
    Non-interest revenue                      43       26      17         177          58
    Total revenue (teb)                     (218)     (93)   (186)       (673)       (765)
    Recovery of credit losses                  4      (73)     (8)        (78)        (74)
    Non-interest expense                     213      102     205         635         716
    Loss before income taxes                (435)    (122)   (383)     (1,230)     (1,407)
    Recovery of income taxes (teb)          (260)     (61)   (181)       (734)       (737)
    Reported net loss                       (175)     (61)   (202)       (496)       (670)
              Acquisition integration
              costs (1)                       15       13      14          55          41
              Cumulative accounting
              adjustment (2)                   -        -       -           -          62
              Restructuring costs (3)         41        -       -          41         132
              Decrease in the
              collective allowance for
              credit losses (4)                -      (54)      -         (54)          -
    Adjusted net loss                       (119)    (102)   (188)       (454)       (435)
    Corporate Services Recovery of
    Credit Losses
    Impaired real estate loans                 6        -     (2)           2        (16)
    Interest on impaired loans                 -        -      -            -          -
    Purchased credit impaired loans           (2)       3     (6)          (4)       (58)
    Purchased performing loans                 -        -      -            -          -
    Provision for (recovery of) credit
    losses, adjusted basis                     4        3     (8)          (2)       (74)
    Decrease in the collective
    allowance for credit losses                -      (76)     -          (76)         -
    Recovery of credit losses,
    reported basis                              4     (73)     (8)        (78)        (74)
    Average loans and acceptances              54      58      82          63          96
    Period-end loans and acceptances           53      55      80          53          80
    U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in
    millions)
    Total revenue (teb)                       (33)    (25)    (30)       (111)       (124)
    Recovery of credit losses                  12     (13)     12         (23)        (81)
    Non-interest expense                       83      33      66         244         218
    Recovery of income taxes (teb)            (48)    (14)    (27)       (114)        (75)
    Reported net loss                         (80)    (31)    (81)       (218)       (186)
    Adjusted total revenue (teb)              (33)    (25)    (30)       (111)       (124)
    Adjusted provision for (recovery
    of) credit losses                           2       3      (7)         (2)        (56)
    Adjusted non-interest expense              52      19      52         170         119
    Adjusted net loss                         (54)    (33)    (61)       (185)       (140)

    (1)   Acquisition integration costs related to the acquired BMO
          Transportation Finance business are primarily included in
          non-interest expense.

    (2)   Cumulative accounting adjustment recognized in other
          non-interest revenue related to foreign currency
          translation that largely impacted prior periods.

    (3)   Restructuring charges before-tax amounts of: $59 million
          in Q4-2017 and $188 million in Q2-2016, as we continue to
          accelerate the use of technology to enhance customer
          experience and focus on driving operational efficiencies.
          Restructuring cost is included in non-interest expense.

    (4)   Decrease in the collective allowance for credit losses
          before-tax amount of $76 million in Q3-17.

    Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures.
    Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.


Corporate Services
Corporate Services consists of Corporate Units and Technology and Operations (T&O). Corporate Units provide enterprise-wide expertise and governance support in a variety of areas, including strategic planning, risk management, finance, legal and regulatory compliance, marketing, communications and human resources. T&O manages, maintains and provides governance over information technology, operations services, real estate and procurement for BMO Financial Group.

The costs of these Corporate Units and T&O services are largely transferred to the three client operating groups (P&C, BMO Wealth Management and BMO Capital Markets), with remaining amounts retained in Corporate Services results. As such, Corporate Services results largely reflect the impact of residual treasury-related activities, the elimination of taxable equivalent adjustments, certain purchased loan accounting impacts, residual unallocated expenses, certain acquisition integration costs, restructuring costs and adjustments to the collective allowance for credit losses.

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016
Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $175 million compared with a net loss of $202 million a year ago. Corporate Services adjusted net loss for the quarter was $119 million compared with an adjusted net loss of $188 million a year ago. Adjusted results exclude a $41 million after tax restructuring charge in the current quarter and acquisition integration costs in both periods. Adjusted results increased due to lower expenses, in part due to the impact of a gain on the sale of an office building and higher revenue excluding teb, partially offset by lower credit recoveries. Reported results increased due to the net impact of the drivers noted above, partially offset by the restructuring charge in the current quarter.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017
Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $175 million compared with a net loss of $61 million in the prior quarter. Corporate Services adjusted net loss was $119 million, compared with an adjusted net loss of $102 million in the prior quarter. Adjusted results exclude a $41 million after tax restructuring charge in the current quarter and a $54 million after-tax decrease in the collective allowance in the prior period, as well as acquisition integration costs in both periods. Adjusted results decreased largely due to higher expenses, net of a gain on the sale of an office building in the current quarter, partially offset by the impact of a less favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Reported results decreased due to the decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter and the restructuring charge in the current quarter, in addition to the net impact of the drivers noted above.

Adjusted results in this Corporate Services section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Risk Management
Our risk management policies and processes to measure, monitor and control credit and counterparty, market, insurance, liquidity and funding, operational, model, legal and regulatory, business, strategic, environmental and social, and reputation risk are outlined in the Enterprise-Wide Risk Management section on pages 78 to 112 of BMO's 2017 annual MD&A.

INVESTOR AND MEDIA PRESENTATION 

Investor Presentation Materials
Interested parties are invited to visit our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations to review our 2017 annual MD&A and audited annual consolidated financial statements, quarterly presentation materials and supplementary financial information package.

Quarterly Conference Call and Webcast Presentations
Interested parties are also invited to listen to our quarterly conference call on Tuesday, December 5, 2017, at 2:00 p.m. (EST). At that time, senior BMO executives will comment on results for the quarter and respond to questions from the investor community. The call may be accessed by telephone at 416-641-2144 (from within Toronto) or 1-888-789-9572 (toll-free outside Toronto) Passcode: 5126346. A replay of the conference call can be accessed until Monday, February 26, 2018, by calling 905-694-9451 (from within Toronto) or 1-800-408-3053 (toll-free outside Toronto) and entering Passcode: 5740558.

A live webcast of the call can be accessed on our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations. A replay can also be accessed on the site.


Shareholder Dividend Reinvestment and Share Purchase
Plan (the Plan)

Average market price as defined under the Plan
August 2017: $92.07
September 2017: $93.59
October 2017: $99.88
 
For dividend information, change in shareholder address
or to advise of duplicate mailings, please contact

Computershare Trust Company of Canada
100 University Avenue, 9th Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5J 2Y1
Telephone: 1-800-340-5021 (Canada and the United States)
Telephone: (514) 982-7800 (international)
Fax: 1-888-453-0330 (Canada and the United States)
Fax: (416) 263-9394 (international)
E-mail: service@computershare.com

For other shareholder information, including the notice for our normal course issuer bid, please contact
Bank of Montreal
Shareholder Services
Corporate Secretary's Department
One First Canadian Place, 21st Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5X 1A1
Telephone: (416) 867-6786
Fax: (416) 867-6793
E-mail: corp.secretary@bmo.com
 
For further information on this document, please contact
Bank of Montreal
Investor Relations Department
P.O. Box 1, One First Canadian Place, 10th Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5X 1A1
 
To review financial results and regulatory filings and disclosures online, please visit our website at www.bmo.com/investorrelations. 

Our 2017 Annual MD&A, audited annual consolidated financial statements and annual report on Form 40-F (filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission) are available online at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations and at http://www.sedar.com. Printed copies of the bank's complete 2017 audited financial statements are available free of charge upon request at 416-867-6785 or corp.secretary@bmo.com.

® Registered trademark of Bank of Montreal

Annual Meeting 2018

The next Annual Meeting of Shareholders will be held on Thursday, April 5, 2018, in Toronto, Ontario.

Media Relations Contacts: Paul Gammal, Toronto, paul.gammal@bmo.com, +1-416-867-3996; Investor Relations Contacts: Jill Homenuk, Head, Investor Relations, jill.homenuk@bmo.com, +1-416-867-4770; Christine Viau, Director, Investor Relations, christine.viau@bmo.com , +1-416-867-6956


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