Cboe Global Markets Reports Results for Second Quarter 2020

Cboe Global Markets Reports Results for Second Quarter 2020

PR Newswire

CHICAGO, July 31, 2020

Second Quarter 2020 Highlights*

- Diluted EPS for the Quarter of $1.03, Up 32 Percent

- Adjusted Diluted EPS¹ for the Quarter of $1.31, Up 16 Percent

- Net Revenue for the Quarter of $296.9 Million, Up 5 Percent

- Set New Quarterly Highs for U.S. Equities and Multi-listed Options Volume

- EBITDA Margin(1) for the Quarter of 67.9 Percent, Up 560 bps

- Adjusted EBITDA Margin(1) for the Quarter of 71.1 Percent, Up 270 bps

- Returned $139 Million to Shareholders Through Share Repurchases and Dividends

CHICAGO, July 31, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Cboe Global Markets, Inc. (Cboe: CBOE) today reported financial results for the second quarter of 2020.

"I am pleased to report solid financial results for the quarter, clearly highlighting the strength of the diversification of our revenues from multiple asset classes and non-transactional services.  We achieved record trading volumes in U.S. cash equities and multi-listed options, fueled by growth in retail trading activity.  Amid an ongoing work from home environment, we continued to execute on our strategic initiatives, including our focus on expanding our global access and distribution and engaging customers via information solutions.  On July 1, we closed our acquisition of EuroCCP and announced our intention to expand equities derivatives trading in Europe by offering a market model that incorporates benefits seen in the U.S. derivatives market.  We plan to launch that market with trading in equity futures and options based on six Cboe European stock indices in the first half of 2021, with plans to add more benchmarks later.  We also completed the acquisition of Trade Alert to further bolster Cboe's diverse suite of information solutions and announced plans to acquire MATCHNow, a leading Canadian ATS, broadening Cboe's North American equities business and expanding our geographic reach," said Edward T. Tilly, Cboe Global Markets Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer.

"In addition, we successfully reopened our Cboe Options Exchange trading floor on June 15, with a modified floor layout and stringent health and safety protocols, after operating in an all-electronic trading mode since March 16.  I am extremely proud of what we have accomplished.  Moreover, I am bullish on our ability to continue to deliver increased value to our customers and our shareholders given the strength of our results even in an unprecedented market and uniquely challenging trading environment for our proprietary products," Mr. Tilly added.

"We achieved net revenue growth of 5 percent, despite muted volumes in our proprietary products, reflecting the diversification of our revenues and asset classes, as well as the incremental revenue from the acquisitions we completed in the first quarter that enhanced our information solutions offering.  Additionally, our continued focus on expense discipline resulted in an adjusted EBITDA margin in excess of 71 percent for the quarter," said Brian N. Schell, Cboe Global Markets Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer.  "During the quarter, we maintained our ongoing commitment to returning capital to shareholders in a disciplined and consistent manner with $100 million of share repurchases and $39 million of dividends as well as increasing our share repurchase authorization by $250 million," Mr. Schell added.

*All comparisons are second quarter 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.

 (1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.

Consolidated Second Quarter Results -Table 1

Table 1 below presents summary selected unaudited condensed consolidated financial information for the company as reported and on an adjusted basis for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.























Table 1

Consolidated Second
Quarter Results













2Q20


2Q19



($ in millions except per share)



2Q20


2Q19

Change


Adjusted1


Adjusted1

Change

Total Revenues Less Cost of
Revenues



$

296.9



$

283.2


5

%


$

296.9



$

283.2


5

%

Total Operating Expenses



$

135.2



$

158.0


(14)

%


$

95.8



$

103.1


(7)

%

Operating Income



$

161.7



$

125.2


29

%


$

201.1



$

180.1


12

%

Operating Margin % 




54.5

%



44.2

%

10.3

pp



67.7

%



63.6

%

4.1

pp

Net Income Allocated to
Common Stockholders



$

113.3



$

87.6


29

%


$

143.3



$

125.7


14

%

Diluted EPS



$

1.03



$

0.78


32

%


$

1.31



$

1.13


16

%

EBITDA1



$

201.6



$

176.4


14

%


$

211.0



$

193.6


9

%

EBITDA Margin %1




67.9

%



62.3

%

5.6

pp



71.1

%



68.4

%

2.7

pp

 

Business Segment Information:












Table 2

Total Revenues Less Cost of Revenues by











Business Segment











(in millions)


2Q20


2Q19

Change

Options


$

150.6


$

140.8



7

%

U.S. Equities



90.6



74.1



22

%

Futures



20.9



32.6



(36)

%

European Equities



21.1



22.4



(6)

%

Global FX



13.7



13.1



5

%

Corporate



-



0.2



-

%

Total


$

296.9


$

283.2



5

%


(1) A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.

Discussion of Results by Business Segment:

Options:

U.S. Equities:

Futures:

European Equities:

Global FX:

(1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.

2020 Fiscal Year Financial Guidance

The company updated or reaffirmed its guidance for the 2020 fiscal year as noted below.  This guidance takes into account the company's acquisition of EuroCCP that closed on July 1, 2020 and its investment in launching pan-European derivatives trading and clearing, which is subject to regulatory approval. 

 

(1)Specific quantifications of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the company's adjusted operating expenses guidance and the effective tax rate on adjusted earnings guidance are not available. The company believes that there is uncertainty and unpredictability with respect to certain of its GAAP measures, primarily related to acquisition-related expenses that would be required to reconcile to GAAP operating expenses and GAAP effective tax rate, which preclude the company from providing accurate guidance on certain forward-looking GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliations. The company believes that providing estimates of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the range of the company's adjusted operating expenses and the effective tax rate on adjusted earnings would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors for the reasons identified above.

Capital Management

As previously announced, on June 10, 2020, the Board of Directors authorized the company to repurchase up to an additional $250 million of its outstanding common stock.  

The company paid cash dividends of $39.5 million, or $0.36 per share, during the second quarter of 2020 and utilized $99.8 million to repurchase 1.0 million shares of its common stock under its share repurchase program at an average price of $100.54 per share.  As of June 30, 2020, the company had approximately $329.9 million of availability remaining under its existing share repurchase authorizations. 

At June 30, 2020, the company had adjusted cash2 of $176.3 million. Total debt as of June 30, 2020 was $868.6 million.

(2)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.

Earnings Conference Call

Executives of Cboe Global Markets will host a conference call to review its second-quarter financial results today, July 31, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. ET/7:30 a.m. CT. The conference call and any accompanying slides will be publicly available via live webcast from the Investor Relations section of the company's website at www.cboe.com under Events & Presentations. Participants may also listen via telephone by dialing (877) 255–4313 from the United States, (866) 450–4696 from Canada or (412) 317–5466 for international callers. Telephone participants should place calls 10 minutes prior to the start of the call. The webcast will be archived on the company's website for replay. A telephone replay of the earnings call also will be available from approximately 11:00 a.m. CT, July 31, 2020, through 11:00 p.m. CT, August 7, 2020, by calling (877) 344–7529 from the U.S., (855) 669–9658 from Canada or (412) 317–0088 for international callers, using replay code 10144993.

About Cboe Global Markets

Cboe Global Markets (Cboe: CBOE) is one of the world's largest exchange holding companies, offering cutting-edge trading and investment solutions to investors around the world. The company is committed to defining markets to benefit its participants and drive the global marketplace forward through product innovation, leading edge technology and seamless trading solutions.

The company offers trading across a diverse range of products in multiple asset classes and geographies, including options, futures, U.S. and European equities, exchange-traded products (ETPs), global foreign exchange (FX) and volatility products based on the Cboe Volatility Index (VIX Index), recognized as the world's premier gauge of U.S. equity market volatility.

Cboe's subsidiaries include the largest options exchange and the third largest stock exchange operator in the U.S. In addition, the company operates one of the largest stock exchanges by value traded in Europe and is a leading market globally for ETP listings and trading. 

The company is headquartered in Chicago with a network of domestic and global offices across the Americas, Europe and Asia, including main hubs in New York, London, Kansas City and Amsterdam. For more information, visit www.cboe.com.

Cautionary Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Information

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. You can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as "may," "might," "should," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "potential" or "continue," and the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. All statements that reflect our expectations, assumptions or projections about the future other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements, which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance based on our growth strategies and anticipated trends in our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

We operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible to predict all risks and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

Some factors that could cause actual results to differ include: the impact of the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, including changes to trading behavior broadly in the market; the loss of our right to exclusively list and trade certain index options and futures products; economic, political and market conditions; compliance with legal and regulatory obligations; price competition and consolidation in our industry; decreases in trading volumes, market data fees or a shift in the mix of products traded on our exchanges; legislative or regulatory changes; our ability to protect our systems and communication networks from security risks, cybersecurity risks, insider threats and unauthorized disclosure of confidential information; increasing competition by foreign and domestic entities; our dependence on and exposure to risk from third parties; fluctuations to currency exchange rates; our index providers' ability to maintain the quality and integrity of their indexes and to perform under our agreements; our ability to operate our business without violating the intellectual property rights of others and the costs associated with protecting our intellectual property rights; our ability to attract and retain skilled management and other personnel; our ability to minimize the risks, including our credit and default risks, associated with operating a European clearinghouse; our ability to accommodate trading volume and transaction traffic, including significant increases, without failure or degradation of performance of our systems; misconduct by those who use our markets or our products; challenges to our use of open source software code; our ability to meet our compliance obligations, including managing potential conflicts between our regulatory responsibilities and our for-profit status; damage to our reputation; the ability of our compliance and risk management methods to effectively monitor and manage our risks; our ability to manage our growth and strategic acquisitions or alliances effectively; restrictions imposed by our debt obligations; our ability to maintain an investment grade credit rating; impairment of our goodwill, long-lived assets, investments or intangible assets; and the accuracy of our estimates and expectations. More detailed information about factors that may affect our actual results to differ may be found in our filings with the SEC, including in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and other filings made from time to time with the SEC.

We do not undertake, and we expressly disclaim, any duty to update any forward-looking statement whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof.

The condensed consolidated statements of income and balance sheets are unaudited and subject to reclassification.

Cboe Media Contacts:





Analyst Contact:

Angela Tu


Tim Cave



Debbie Koopman

(646) 856–8734


+44 (0) 7593 506 719



(312) 786–7136

atu@cboe.com


tcave@cboe.com



dkoopman@cboe.com

CBOE-F

Trademarks:
Cboe®, Cboe Global Markets®, Bats®, BZX®, BYX®, EDGX®, EDGA®, Cboe Volatility Index® and VIX® are registered trademarks of Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All other trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

 

Cboe Global Markets, Inc.

Key Performance Statistics by Business Segment




2Q 2020

1Q 2020

4Q 2019

3Q 2019

2Q 2019

Options (ADV in thousands)

















Total industry ADV



27,649



28,014



19,492



19,790



19,274


Total company Options ADV



9,944



10,731



7,297



7,720



7,261


Multi-listed options



8,354



8,069



5,552



5,715



5,329


Index options



1,590



2,663



1,745



2,005



1,932


Total Options Market Share



36.0

%


38.3

%


37.4

%


39.0

%


37.7

%

Multi-listed options



32.1

%


31.9

%


31.3

%


32.2

%


30.8

%

Index options



99.4

%


99.2

%


99.0

%


99.1

%


99.2

%

Total Options RPC:


$

0.182


$

0.234


$

0.225


$

0.236


$

0.238


Multi-listed options


$

0.051


$

0.053


$

0.055


$

0.056


$

0.058


Index options


$

0.870


$

0.781


$

0.766


$

0.751


$

0.736



















U.S. Equities

















Total industry ADV (shares in billions)



12.4



11.0



6.8



6.9



6.9


Market share % 



16.1

%


16.7

%


16.4

%


17.2

%


15.7

%

Net capture (per 100 touched shares)


$

0.025


$

0.026


$

0.023


$

0.020


$

0.028



















Futures

















ADV (in thousands)



144



331



228



279



257


RPC


$

1.743


$

1.750


$

1.794


$

1.746


$

1.748



















European Equities

















Total industry ADNV (Euros - in billions)


40.1


51.5


35.1


34.2


40.8


Market share % 



15.8

%


17.7

%


18.4

%


19.8

%


20.3

%

Net capture (bps)



0.248



0.244



0.248



0.233



0.224



















Global FX

















Market share % 



16.4

%


15.7

%


16.0

%


14.1

%


15.2

%

ADNV ($ in billions)


$

31.8


$

43.3


$

30.1


$

30.3


$

32.5


Net capture (per one million dollars traded)


$

2.77


$

2.69


$

2.80


$

2.80


$

2.65



ADV = average daily volume; ADNV = average daily notional value.

RPC, average revenue per contract, for options and futures represents total net transaction fees recognized for the period divided by total contracts traded during the period.

U.S. Equities, "net capture per 100 touched shares" refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments and routing and clearing costs divided by the product of one-hundredth ADV of touched shares on BZX, BYX, EDGX and EDGA and the number of trading days.

European Equities, "net capture per matched notional value" refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments in British pounds divided by the product of matched ADNV in British pounds and the number of trading days.

Global FX, "net capture per one million dollars traded" refers to net transaction fees divided by the product of one-millionth of ADNV traded on the Cboe FX market, the number of trading days, and two, which represents the buyer and seller that are both charged on the transaction. Market Share represents Cboe FX volume divided by the total volume of publicly reporting spot FX venues (Cboe FX, EBS, Refinitiv, and Euronext FX).

Average transaction fees per contract can be affected by various factors, including exchange fee rates, volume-based discounts and transaction mix by contract type and product type.

 

Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

Three Months and Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019




Three Months Ended June 30, 


Six Months Ended June 30, 

(in millions, except per share amounts)


2020


2019


2020


2019

Revenue:













Transaction fees


$

618.3


$

426.9


$

1,279.8


$

856.2

Access and capacity fees



55.7



54.5



113.4



108.9

Market data fees



58.7



51.8



114.9



103.4

Regulatory fees



128.7



79.7



265.5



138.4

Other revenue



7.3



7.7



16.6



15.2

Total Revenues



868.7



620.6



1,790.2



1,222.1

Cost of Revenues:













Liquidity payments



415.6



235.8



808.0



479.5

Routing and clearing



17.7



9.2



33.7



18.4

Section 31 fees



119.0



70.3



246.4



118.5

Royalty fees



19.4



21.9



46.8



42.9

Other



0.1



0.2



0.1



0.2

Total Cost of Revenues



571.8



337.4



1,135.0



659.5

Revenues Less Cost of Revenues



296.9



283.2



655.2



562.6

Operating Expenses:













Compensation and benefits



54.9



52.2



108.2



100.3

Depreciation and amortization



38.0



43.7



78.5



90.9

Technology support services



12.5



11.8



24.4



23.7

Professional fees and outside services



12.3



19.2



27.2



35.4

Travel and promotional expenses



0.9



3.0



3.0



5.6

Facilities costs



4.1



3.0



8.2



5.1

Acquisition-related costs



9.4



20.8



10.2



23.1

Other expenses



3.1



4.3



7.4



7.9

Total Operating Expenses



135.2



158.0



267.1



292.0

Operating Income



161.7



125.2



388.1



270.6

Non-operating (Expenses) Income:













Interest expense, net



(7.3)



(10.0)



(14.6)



(19.9)

Other income (expense), net



2.2



4.4



0.6



(4.4)

Total Non-operating Expense



(5.1)



(5.6)



(14.0)



(24.3)

Income Before Income Tax Provision



156.6



119.6



374.1



246.3

Income tax provision



43.0



35.1



103.1



67.7

Net Income



113.6



84.5



271.0



178.6

Net loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest





3.8





4.0

Net Income Excluding Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest



113.6



88.3



271.0



182.6

Change in redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest





(0.2)





(0.4)

Net income allocated to participating securities



(0.3)



(0.5)



(0.7)



(1.1)

Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders


$

113.3


$

87.6


$

270.3


$

181.1

Net Income Per Share Allocated to Common Stockholders:













Basic earnings per share


$

1.04


$

0.79


$

2.46


$

1.62

Diluted earnings per share



1.03



0.78



2.45



1.62

Weighted average shares used in computing income per share:













Basic



109.5



111.5



109.9



111.5

Diluted



109.6



111.6



110.1



111.6

 

Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019




June 30, 


December 31, 

(in millions)


2020


2019

Assets







Current Assets:







Cash and cash equivalents


$

210.1


$

229.3

Financial investments



176.5



71.0

Accounts receivable, net



376.8



234.7

Income taxes receivable





56.8

Other current assets



17.8



15.8

Total Current Assets



781.2



607.6








Investments



61.3



61.2

Property and equipment, net



75.6



47.0

Property held for sale



13.0



21.1

Operating lease right of use assets



117.8



53.4

Goodwill



2,730.4



2,682.1

Intangible assets, net



1,526.2



1,589.9

Other assets, net



60.8



51.6

Total Assets


$

5,366.3


$

5,113.9








Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity







Current Liabilities:







Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


$

216.0


$

171.9

Section 31 fees payable



247.5



99.0

Deferred revenue



17.3



4.5

Income taxes payable



14.9



4.0

Current portion of contingent consideration liabilities



0.8



2.2

Total Current Liabilities



496.5



281.6








Long-term debt



868.6



867.6

Unrecognized tax benefits



148.8



135.9

Deferred income taxes



384.9



399.7

Non-current operating lease liabilities



137.3



46.7

Contingent consideration liabilities



19.7



Other non-current liabilities



24.2



26.8

Total Liabilities



2,080.0



1,758.3








Stockholders' Equity:







Preferred stock





Common stock



1.2



1.2

Treasury stock at cost



(1,120.5)



(887.1)

Additional paid-in capital



2,704.5



2,691.3

Retained earnings



1,703.7



1,512.6

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income, net



(2.6)



37.6

Total Stockholders' Equity



3,286.3



3,355.6








Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity


$

5,366.3


$

5,113.9

Non-GAAP Information

In addition to disclosing results determined in accordance with GAAP, Cboe Global Markets has disclosed certain non-GAAP measures of operating performance. These measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for, GAAP, and may be different from or inconsistent with non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The non-GAAP measures provided in this press release include net transaction fees, adjusted operating expenses, adjusted operating income, adjusted operating margin, adjusted net income allocated to common stockholders and adjusted diluted earnings per share, effective tax rate on adjusted earnings, adjusted cash, EBITDA, EBITDA margin, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin.

Management believes that the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this press release, including adjusted operating income and adjusted operating expenses, provide additional and comparative information to assess trends in our core operations and a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. Non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by management are provided as additional information to investors in order to provide them with an alternative method for assessing our financial condition and operating results.

Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets: We amortize intangible assets acquired in connection with various acquisitions. Amortization of intangible assets is inconsistent in amount and frequency and is significantly affected by the timing and size of our acquisitions. As such, if intangible asset amortization is included in performance measures, it is more difficult to assess the day-to-day operating performance of the businesses, the relative operating performance of the businesses between periods and the earnings power of the company. Therefore, we believe performance measures excluding intangible asset amortization expense provide investors with an additional basis for comparison across accounting periods.

Acquisition-related expenses: From time to time, we have pursued acquisitions, which have resulted in expenses which would not otherwise have been incurred in the normal course of the company's business operations. These expenses include integration costs, as well as legal, due diligence and other third party transaction costs. The frequency and the amount of such expenses vary significantly based on the size, timing and complexity of the transaction. Accordingly, we exclude these costs for purposes of calculating non-GAAP measures which provide an additional analysis of Cboe's ongoing operating performance or comparisons in Cboe's performance between periods.

The tables below show the reconciliation of each financial measure from GAAP to non-GAAP. The non-GAAP financial measures exclude the impact of those items detailed below and are referred to as adjusted financial measures.

Reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP Information



Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended


Table 4


June 30, 


June 30, 


(in millions, except per share amounts)


2020


2019


2020


2019


Reconciliation of Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders to Non-GAAP (As shown on Table 1)














Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

113.3


$

87.6


$

270.3


$

181.1


Non-GAAP adjustments














Acquisition-related expenses (1)



9.4



20.8



10.2



23.1


Amortization of acquired intangible assets (2)



30.0



34.1



62.5



71.7


Change in redemption value of noncontrolling interest





0.2





0.4


Total Non-GAAP adjustments



39.4



55.1



72.7



95.2


Income tax expense related to the items above



(9.3)



(13.2)



(16.9)



(23.2)


Impairment charges attributed to noncontrolling interest





(3.6)





(3.6)


Net income allocated to participating securities - effect on reconciling items



(0.1)



(0.2)



(0.5)



(0.4)


Adjusted net income allocated to common stockholders


$

143.3


$

125.7


$

325.6


$

249.1
















Reconciliation of Diluted EPS to Non-GAAP














Diluted earnings per common share


$

1.03


$

0.78


$

2.45


$

1.62


Per share impact of non-GAAP adjustments noted above



0.28



0.35



0.51



0.61


Adjusted diluted earnings per common share


$

1.31


$

1.13


$

2.96


$

2.23
















Reconciliation of Operating Margin to Non-GAAP














Revenue less cost of revenue


$

296.9


$

283.2


$

655.2


$

562.6


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above










Adjusted revenue less cost of revenue


$

296.9


$

283.2


$

655.2


$

562.6


Operating expenses (3)


$

135.2


$

158.0


$

267.1


$

292.0


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



39.4



54.9



72.7



94.8


Adjusted operating expenses


$

95.8


$

103.1


$

194.4


$

197.2


Operating income


$

161.7


$

125.2


$

388.1


$

270.6


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



39.4



54.9



72.7



94.8


Adjusted operating income


$

201.1


$

180.1


$

460.8


$

365.4


Adjusted operating margin (4)



67.7

%


63.6

%


70.3

%


64.9

%















Reconciliation of Income Tax Rate to Non-GAAP














Income before income taxes



156.6



119.6



374.1



246.3


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



39.4



55.1



72.7



95.2


Adjusted income before income taxes


$

196.0


$

174.7


$

446.8


$

341.5
















Income tax expense



43.0



35.1



103.1



67.7


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



9.3



13.2



16.9



23.2


Adjusted income tax expense


$

52.3


$

48.3


$

120.0


$

90.9


Adjusted income tax rate



26.7

%


27.7

%


26.9

%


26.6

%


(1) This amount includes professional fees and outside services, severance, facilities expenses, impairment charges and other costs related to the company's acquisitions.

(2) This amount represents the amortization of acquired intangible assets related to the company's acquisitions.

(3) The company sponsors deferred compensation plans held in a rabbi trust. The expenses or income related to the deferred compensation plans are included in "Compensation and benefits" ($2.2 million and $3.7 million in expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $0.1 million and 3.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively), and are directly offset by deferred compensation income, expenses and dividends included within "Other expense, net" ($2.2 million and $3.7 million in income, expense and dividends in the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $0.1 million and $3.7 million in the six months ended June 2020 and 2019, respectively), on the condensed consolidated statements of income. The deferred compensation plans' expenses are not adjusted out of "adjusted operating expenses" and do not have an impact on "Income before income taxes."

(4) Adjusted operating margin represents adjusted operating income divided by adjusted revenue less cost of revenue.

EBITDA Reconciliations

EBITDA (earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization) and Adjusted EBITDA are widely used non-GAAP financial measures of operating performance. EBITDA margin represents EBITDA divided by revenues less cost of revenues (net revenue). It is presented as supplemental information that the company believes is useful to investors to evaluate its results because it excludes certain items that are not directly related to the company's core operating performance. EBITDA is calculated by adding back to net income interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated by adding back to EBITDA acquisition-related expenses and impairment charges attributed to noncontrolling interest.  EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as substitutes either for net income, as an indicator of the company's operating performance, or for cash flow, as a measure of the company's liquidity. In addition, because EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be calculated identically by all companies, the presentation here may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.  Adjusted  EBITDA margin represents Adjusted EBITDA divided by net revenue.

Table 5


Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended


(in millions)


June 30, 


June 30, 


Reconciliation of Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (Per Table 1)


2020


2019


2020


2019


Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

113.3


$

87.6


$

270.3


$

181.1


Interest expense, net



7.3



10.0



14.6



19.9


Income tax provision



43.0



35.1



103.1



67.7


Depreciation and amortization



38.0



43.7



78.5



90.9


EBITDA


$

201.6


$

176.4


$

466.5


$

359.6


EBITDA Margin



67.9

%


62.3

%


71.2

%


63.9

%















Non-GAAP adjustments not included in above line items














Acquisition-related expenses



9.4



20.8



10.2



23.1


Impairment charges attributed to noncontrolling interest





(3.6)





(3.6)


Adjusted EBITDA


$

211.0


$

193.6


$

476.7


$

379.1


Adjusted EBITDA Margin



71.1

%


68.4

%


72.4

%


67.4

%





























Table 6














(in millions)


June 30, 


December 31, 








Reconciliation of Cash and cash equivalents to Adjusted Cash


2020


2019








Cash and cash equivalents


$

210.1


$

229.3








Financial investments



176.5



71.0








Less deferred compensation plan assets



(20.9)



(23.4)








Less cash collected for Section 31 Fees



(189.4)



(69.0)








Adjusted Cash


$

176.3


$

207.9








 

Table 7




































(in millions)




































Reconciliation of Net Transaction Fees –Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019


Consolidated


Options Segment


U.S. Equities Segment


Futures Segment


European Equities Segment


Global FX Segment


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


June 30, 


June 30, 


June 30, 


June 30, 


June 30, 


June 30, 


2020


2019


2020


2019


2020


2019


2020


2019


2020


2019


2020


2019

Transaction fees

$

618.3


$

426.9


$

250.8


$

185.9


$

325.1


$

182.0


$

15.8


$

28.3


$

15.2


$

19.5


$

11.4


$

11.2

Liquidity payments


(415.6)



(235.8)



(132.0)



(73.3)



(279.4)



(156.2)







(4.2)



(6.3)





Routing and clearing


(17.7)



(9.2)



(5.0)



(3.5)



(12.7)



(5.7)













Net transaction fees

$

185.0


$

181.9


$

113.8


$

109.1


$

33.0


$

20.1


$

15.8


$

28.3


$

11.0


$

13.2


$

11.4


$

11.2

 

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